There, along the fault line of the Austrian Hapsburg
and Ottoman Turkish empires, former Communist countries lack the sturdy middle-class base of core Europe, and in many cases are still distracted by ethnic and territorial disputes 25 years after the siege of Sarajevo.
Suffice it to say that Western civilization owes much to the peoples of those lands that the Hapsburgs
controlled for a millennium.
Built in 1259, the Citadel was destroyed by the Turks and later the Hapsburgs
Beginning with Charles V, the Hapsburg
dynasty contracted painters, sculptors, architects and playwrights to propagate an image of an all-powerful Spanish Empire, validated both by classical (humanistic) and Catholic inheritances.
The end of World War I demolished the Hapsburg
Empire, and Italy was given the northern Italian-speaking provinces.
In a book about the inheritors of the Hapsburg
Empire, she spares no time for the hapless people of the Balkans, be they Romanians, Croats or Serbs.
But Germany and the Hapsburgs
had different long-term aims.
It was inherited by Dominic van Hapsburg
, a New York architect who will be at the ceremony on Friday, said officials.
I travelled to the outskirts of the city to see the hugely impressive Schloss Schoenbrunn - a vast sprawling palace and the former summer residence of the imperial Hapsburgs
He did not really want to invade Hungary; he simply wanted the country to act as a neutral buffer between his own empire and the Austrian Hapsburgs
, who saw Suleiman as a threat to all of Europe.
The house of Savoy had preserved its position by adroitly switching loyalties as required between the Hapsburgs
Immense palaces were built around the court of the ruling 13th-century Hapsburgs
, and by the 18th century, Vienna was a major imperial and cultural center.
Guests dressed as members of the aristocratic European royal dynasties such as the Hapsburgs
But Philip misjudged his son-in-law, who opted to confront the Hapsburgs
on the battlefields of Europe during the Thirty Years War.
The Hofburg is also a museum dedicated to the Hapsburgs
and, within it, are the trappings of a dynasty that went in for ostentation on the grand scale.