aurorubens is considerably higher than that estimated for halfbeaks, R.
Analyses of life-history data show that both the size-specific batch fecundities and the age-specific spawning frequencies differ for two halfbeak species, Hemiramphus brasiliensis, the ballyhoo, and H.
Two pelagic halfbeak species, Hemiramphus brasiliensis and H.
Bulk weights of halfbeaks were reported separately (Table 1), and we converted these bulk values to numbers by using an average of 5.
Catch rates were calculated as the geometric mean number of halfbeaks landed per fishing day (i.
Since 1986, the estimated total number of landed halfbeaks has ranged from 4.
Combined landings of two halfbeaks species, ballyhoo (Hemiramphus brasiliensis) and balao (H.
This bucket held 100 to 200 halfbeaks, and these fishes were kept on ice and brought back to the laboratory for processing.
Spawning halfbeaks were distributed so widely throughout the fishing grounds that no specific areas were identified for the protection of spawning individuals.
During the study period eight fish species were taken that can be described as southern or "Panamic Province" species including California halfbeaks (Hypor-hamphus rosae), bonefish (Albula vulpes), California needlefish (Strongylura exilis), shortfin corvina (Cynoscion parvipinnis), Pacific seahorse (Hippocampus ingens), California butterfly ray (Gymnura marmorata), banded guitarfish (Zapteryx exasperata), and red goatfish (Pseudupeneus grandisquamous).
The numerically dominant, resident fish in the south-central and south bay, the slough anchovy (Anchoa delicatissima), clustered in this group along and California halfbeak (Hyporhamphus rosae), the deepbody anchovy (Anchoa compressa), the California killifish (Fundulus parvipinnis) and arrow goby (Clevelandia ios).
Ballyhoo and balao are both known as halfbeaks (Hemiramphidae; Collette et al.
In this paper we describe landings, markets, and fishing methods for halfbeaks in Florida.
Since landings prior to 1986 were only from large foodfish processors, there was great potential to underestimate landings of halfbeaks and other baitfish species (Broadhead, 1951; Reintjes(1); Johnson(3)).
There are actually several members of the halfbeak
(Hemiramphus) family in Florida waters, collectively and generally referred to as ballyhoo.