301) The conflict of this law arises between the secular definition of Jewish identity for nationality purposes and the Jewish Halakic definition for personal status purposes.
308) The Supreme Court decided that the term "Jew" had two meanings: one secular, for citizenship purposes, and one religious, for Halakic personal status purposes.
What are the implications of American Jews' redefining Jewishness in terms of histrionics (what Saul Bellow called the "Jewish opera")--a radical departure not only from a traditional halakic
foundation for understanding Jewish life, but also from more recent politically motivated bases (161)?
although it may, perhaps, allude to the halakic
concept of halaka ke-batrai ("the law is according to the last [most recent, authorities]"), which, of course, does not imply abrogation of a previous legal interpretation, but rather refers to the cumulative growth and development of a law that builds upon and amplifies the ideas of predecessors (Ensiqlopedia Talmudit [Jerusalem, 1959], 9: 341-45, s.
Paul's urgings are directed to the "strong" (14:13b, 15:1, 16:17), those who were ignoring minimal halakic
regulations for righteous gentiles, such as can be found in Acts 15:28-29 and in the Noahide laws developed later in rabbinic Judaism.
We see that with the halakic
definition of Jew set aside, as is done here, another definition is very difficult to establish.
While sharing with other immigrants the deep impress of American material abundance, a conspicuous feature of which was a variety of protein-rich meals, eastern European Jews differed on account of the dense religious significance that centuries of halakic
existence had imparted to their foodways.