It must be admitted, I was transfixed and transformed by Habad
and the "Rebbe" as he is affectionately known, with my own contact in my formative years while studying in New York City in the 1970s.
A hasidic movement which originated in the late eighteenth century, Habad
(an acronym for the Hebrew hokhmah, "wisdom," binah "understanding," and da'at "knowledge,") sought to know the divine through contemplation.
, one of Israel's orthodox religious groups, does not recognise the Ethiopians as Jews and does not allow their children into its kindergartens.
Koskoff studies the group of Hasidim founded by Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Lyady who developed the philosophy of Habad
that sought to balance mysticism with Jewish legalistic intellectualism.
The Orthodox Habad
Movement also set up day care centers, though these were not accredited by the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare.
This category includes a number of Jewish outreach programs; among early leaders in identifying the potential of the Net were Habad
and Aish Torah.
In "The Sense of Pilgrimage" (1967) she described an "atavistic" connection with the world of Welsh legend, and with the Rav, "the founder of Habad
Raised and trained in Habad
Hasidism, he broke with Lubavitch over his increasingly radical crossing of established boundaries and his advocacy of the use of chemicals for mystical purposes.
The paper hoped the riot would encourage the Jews of Crown Heights to wonder whether "the time has not come to join their brethren in Kfar Habad
: House of the Union of Habad
Schneour Zalman, "The Rav of Northern White Russia," the founder of the Habad
branch of Hasidism, was one of the poet's paternal ancestors: another ancestor, in her mother's line, was Angell Jones of Mold, a tailor, teacher, and preacher to whom Daniel Owen, the "Welsh Dickens," was apprenticed.
A few years ago, after the Rebbe's death, I was served a Shabbat kosher meal in Venice by a group of young Lubavitcher Hasidim who were sent there to minister to American Jewish visitors while studying in a small Habad
anticipated the completion of Teshuva in 1945, and spoke of immediate redemption along with the destruction of Israel's antagonists in a "military holocaust.
Levertov's paternal ancestor, Schneour Zalman, founded the Habad
branch of Hasidism, and her maternal grandfather, Angel Jones of Mold, was a Welsh preacher and mystic, as well as a tailor.
Perhaps even more striking, the Rav often spoke of his Habad
melamed, Reb Baruch Yaakov Reisberg who did not teach him much gemara, but "knew how to pass on his emotional acquisitions, his ecstatic experiences, and his mystical outlook on life" (2:179).