But there was no significant difference between the circulating subtype and the stage of HIV infection
Although it's not yet clear what is driving this difference in cognitive abilities, the study cites that inflammation caused by initial HIV infection
may be to blame.
The most common method of transmission is unprotected sex, while the highest level of HIV infection
is seen among men who have sex with other men.
, risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among persons who inject drugs.
WHO noted that HIV infection
rates among men who have sex with men remain high nearly everywhere in the world.
Learning more about how HPV affects the risk of HIV infection
is important because two vaccines that prevent HPV infection are already available and a third vaccine is being developed.
Scientists halted both trials earlier this month when it became clear that the circumcised men were contracting fewer HIV infections
, Fanci announced last week.
Another study explored why married girls in Kenya and Zambia had a higher risk for HIV infection
Jim Pickett, a leader in the International Rectal Microbicide Working Group, believes that making rectal microbicide products widely available could radically change gay men's fight against HIV infection
Having another sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as genital herpes, increases the risk of HIV infection
up to tenfold, and women are more likely to have an STI than men.
Only 1% of women had had sex in exchange for money, drugs or shelter in the year before the survey Some 59% of all women perceived their chance of HIV infection
to be high, while 36% perceived that they had no chance of infection; 62% had ever been tested for the virus.
Using a mathematical model, David Ho and colleagues estimate that HIV infection
might be eradicated in approximately 3 years using HAART.
A major study reported at the Retroviruses conference (Boston, February 22-25, 2005) found that death of people with HIV accounted for most of the large decrease in the prevalence of HIV infection
in the population, in a small area of Uganda that was intensively studied from 1994-2003 .
Although the last two decades have witnessed major advances in treatment, HIV infection
remains an ultimately fatal disease.