a great many of us are Gnostics
without knowing what it is that we know" (1996, 234).
When we consider what the Christian Gnostics
were writing and teaching, we cannot help but wonder what kind of world they envisioned for us today.
struggled against the demonization of knowledge and wisdom in the story of Genesis.
were ascetic, advocating the strict regulation and harsh treatment of the body.
In a concise book that displays his customary clarity, breadth, and judgment, the author adopts what he calls a "middle position" on both the particularity of Gnostics
and the secure definition of "proto-orthodoxy" (a tern1 which, for that reason, he prefers not to use).
The very text gives that away because the Gnostics
do have a very particular attitude about the evil of the universe.
In broad strokes, the Gnostics
saw a cosmos sharply divided between good and evil, which they identified with spirit and matter.
The Gospel of Judas would be a document of this sort, which could have great historical value, since it contributes to our knowledge of the Gnostic
movement, but poses no direct challenge to Christianity.
Oedipa too finds herself trapped in the exegete's dilemma, but this time the dilemma occurs not in the context of the general human condition but in the historical present of an America founded--by Puritans, by Romantics, by a-Gnostics
alike on solitude and loneliness.
It is a form of neo-Gnosticism (the Gnostics
were an early anti-church group that the apostles and early church fathers denounced as being in serious error).
Evans' FABRICATING JESUS: HOW MODERN SCHOLARS DISTORT THE GOSPELS (0830833158) examines New Testament writings and why the majority of scholars do not and should not accept a range of claims, from Jesus' involvement with Mary Magdalene to his possible connections with Gnostics
The ferocious attacks of early Christian leaders against the Gnostics
, as well as the limited appeal and questionable authorship of their writings, were some of the factors that led the ancient church to exclude their "gospels" from the Bible as early as the fourth century.
Others say it is yet another scripture produced by the Christian cur of Gnostics
, whose followers lived a few hundred years after Jesus' day and could not possibly have written anything accurate about his life.
' beliefs were always viewed as unorthodox by those who were not Gnostics
themselves, since it was in relation to the Gnostics
and other heretics that orthodoxy was defined in the early Christian centuries.
Based on the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, writings of the 2nd-century Gnostics
, this novel offers suspense and intrigue as the alternate gospels, including the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Mary Magdalene, and Thunder, pass from hand to hand--often at great price.