Aretino's activities during his first years in Rome are unknown; he was probably a secretary of the banker Agostino Chigi; then he moved into the circle of Cardinal Giulio de' Medici, the future Pope Clement VII.
Aretino, a polemicist in the camp of Giulio de' Medici, emerged as a voice of Pasquino because he called attention to himself more so than others rather than for the quality of his production.
See Shearman, Raphael's Cartoons, 17, who cites as an example the oration composed by Giovanni Battista Gargha in 1513 that was done with the help of Leo's cousin and confidant Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (later Pope Clement VII).
Valeriano also served as domestic prelate and secretary to Cardinal Giulio de' Medici and was entrusted with the education of Leo's nephew Ippolito.
There seems no good reason to reject the statement of Benedetto Varchi that it was Cardinal Giulio de' Medici
who undertook the change to the palace.
When Giulio de' Medici
later became Pope Clement VII, Machiavelli served him until the sack of Rome by the forces of the Holy Roman emperor.
Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (1478-1534) was there when the humanist and papal domestic secretary Pietro Bembo (1470-1547) read the sentence against Petrucci, and the cardinal's appearance in Raphael's painting bears the "grave and calm" expression of that occasion.
22) The massive pier behind Giulio de' Medici and the arch framing Luigi de' Rossi seem to have been added at the same time that the cardinals were inserted into the painting, and the function of these architectural features may have been to open the space for these additional figures.
Just one month after his election, he appointed his cousin Giulio de' Medici (1478-1534) archbishop of Florence.
88r) is marked by an illumination showing the interior of Santa Maria del Fiore with Pope Leo X before the choir, followed by a cardinal, possibly his cousin Giulio de' Medici (Fig.
The title page bears Cosimo's coat of arms, and the full title makes reference to its dedication to Giulio de' Medici
, "who then was made Supreme Pontiff and called Pope Clement VII.
Pope Clement VII was Giulio de' Medici
, an illegitimate son of Giuliano who was killed in the Pazzi conspiracy.
Accordingly Levi D'Ancona decides that Fioretta, as proven by the Primavera, is Oretta's poetic name and that she was secretly married to Giuliano de' Medici and was the true mother of Giulio de' Medici