There seems no good reason to reject the statement of Benedetto Varchi that it was Cardinal Giulio de' Medici
who undertook the change to the palace.
Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (1478-1534) was there when the humanist and papal domestic secretary Pietro Bembo (1470-1547) read the sentence against Petrucci, and the cardinal's appearance in Raphael's painting bears the "grave and calm" expression of that occasion.
22) The massive pier behind Giulio de' Medici and the arch framing Luigi de' Rossi seem to have been added at the same time that the cardinals were inserted into the painting, and the function of these architectural features may have been to open the space for these additional figures.
The other cardinal in Raphael's painting is Giulio de' Medici, the future Clement VII (1523-34).
Just one month after his election, he appointed his cousin Giulio de' Medici (1478-1534) archbishop of Florence.
88r) is marked by an illumination showing the interior of Santa Maria del Fiore with Pope Leo X before the choir, followed by a cardinal, possibly his cousin Giulio de' Medici (Fig.
The title page bears Cosimo's coat of arms, and the full title makes reference to its dedication to Giulio de' Medici
, "who then was made Supreme Pontiff and called Pope Clement VII.
Pope Clement VII was Giulio de' Medici
, an illegitimate son of Giuliano who was killed in the Pazzi conspiracy.
Accordingly Levi D'Ancona decides that Fioretta, as proven by the Primavera, is Oretta's poetic name and that she was secretly married to Giuliano de' Medici and was the true mother of Giulio de' Medici