2,10) Whether or not postchemotherapy resection is pursued, proper diagnosis necessitates that an otolaryngologist be aware that a metastatic germ cell tumor
might manifest as a neck mass.
0% ovarian tumors are germ cell tumors
, accounting for two third of ovarian cancer in 1st two decade of life.
Clinical response of a patient to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy and the immune landscape of testicular germ cell tumors
The most common malignant neoplasms of the testis are seminomatous germ cell tumors
(GCTs) and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors
(NSGCTs) occurring in postpubertal men, and germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS) is the precursor lesion to both entities.
Approximately 90% to 95% of primary tumors in the testicle arise from the germ cells; hence, testicular cancers are also referred to as germ cell tumors
(Smith et al.
Positron emission tomography in the clinical staging of patients with Stage I and II testicular germ cell tumors
Trends in the incidence of testicular germ cell tumors
in the United States.
In treatment of testicular germ cell tumor
, high inguinal orchiectomy is performed primarily as surgical procedure.
BEP regimen chemotherapy is suggested in patients with germ cell tumor
Teratomas are germ cell tumors
and they are uncommon neoplasms that arise in the gonads; the mediastinum is the second most common extragonadal site of these tumors [3,4].
He has been followed up for one year with no recurrence and no elevation of serum germ cell tumor
Epidemiologic analysis of 1,442 children and adolescents registered in the German germ cell tumor
Disease relapse in patients with stage I nonseminomatous germ cell tumor
of the testis on active surveillance.
In male patients, tumor markers are of additional benefit, because the discovery of a mediastinal germ cell tumor
or an elevated tumor marker warrants a physical exam and ultrasound of the scrotum to rule out the presence of gonadal germ cell tumors
Maternal serum levels of AFP (MSAFP) normally rise in pregnancy, although extreme values (less than 500 ng/mL) are associated with neural tube defects while levels greater than 1,000 ng/mL may be associated with an ovarian germ cell tumor
(especially when greater than 10,000 ng/mL).