ganglion cell

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Related to Ganglion cells: Horizontal cells, Ganglion cyst, Hirschsprung disease, Amacrine cells
  • noun

Synonyms for ganglion cell

a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system

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References in periodicals archive ?
This defect leads to decreased cellular energy (ATP) production, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and retinal ganglion cell dysfunction which cause progressive loss of visual acuity and blindness.
Groups of ganglion cells and bundles of unmyelinated nerve fibers are present between the muscle layers.
Researchers explain that adult spiral ganglion cells are not able to regenerate, but new research on mice reveals that spiral ganglion stem cells present in the inner ear self-renews, and can be grown and developed into mature spiral ganglion cells as well as neurons and glial cells.
However, new evidence in a mouse model shows that spiral ganglion stem cells present in the inner ear are capable of self-renewal and can be grown and induced to differentiate into mature spiral ganglion cells as well as neurons and glial cells.
2] of submucosa obtained above 3 cm proximal to the pectinate line and serially sectioned, and the absence of ganglion cells is diagnostic of Hirschsprung's disease.
Ganglioneuromas are benign tumours originating from the neural crest cells in the neuroectodermal; they are composed of well-differentiated ganglion cells, nerve fibres and a large number of Schwann cells.
It consists of placing electrodes on the forehead and skin around the eye (orbits) that transmit electric impulses which may "boost" retinal ganglion cells and neurons in the visual pathway to reestablish function.
At the moment, the results are preliminary and provide proof-of-principle that an inkjet printer can be used to print two types of cells from the retina of adult rats- ganglion cells and glial cells, scientists said, Science Daily reported.
The cells derived from the retina of the rats were retinal ganglion cells, which transmit information from the eye to certain parts of the brain, and glial cells, which provide support and protection for neurons.
The team used a piezoelectric inkjet printer head, which expelled so-called glia cells and retinal ganglion cells from adult lab rats through a single nozzle less than one millimetre (0.
The topics include purifying and cultivating retinal ganglion cells from rodents, purifying dorsal root ganglion neurons from rats by immunopanning, purifying astrocytes from transgenic rodents by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, myelinating co-cultures of rat retinal ganglion cell re-aggregates and optic nerve oligodendrocyte precursor cells, and purifying Schwann cells from the neonatal and injured adult mouse peripheral nerve.
Hirschsprung disease (HD) is a congenital malformation characterized by the absence of ganglion cells in the myenteric and submucosal plexuses of the terminal rectum extending some distance proximally.
Mucosal ganglioneuromas are proliferations of spindled cells with admixed plump ganglion cells that separate the colonic crypts.
Neuroprotection has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy in glaucoma to promote survival of retinal ganglion cells.
In a lab dish, a cocktail of mannose, cAMP, and the macrophage protein induced extensive axon growth in rat retinal ganglion cells, Benowitz says.