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  • noun

Words related to interferon

an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus

References in periodicals archive ?
Recurrent glioblastoma is extremely challenging to treat, yet early results with DNX-2401 and gamma interferon indicate that the two drugs, delivered sequentially, could prove to be an important treatment option for the disease.
By contrast, gamma interferon levels actually drop in people who drink only water when they have a cold.
In a moment of creative insight, I suggested that alpha, beta, and gamma interferon should be combined.
Keen is among the detractors, having experienced the test's unreliability first-hand when, in February 2007, one of his cows tested positive for TB during a gamma interferon test.
The gamma interferon test is generally thought to be more sensitive than the skin test, and also can detect infection at an earlier stage.
Some studies have reported deficient lymphocyte production of gamma interferon in retinitis pigmentosa, while other investigations have not confirmed this finding.
Gamma interferon tests should be introduced at the same time as a cull of badgers, he said.
Gamma interferon levels from CD4 cells in blood samples were significantly lower in the fatigued athletes.
The researchers also used a new test for HIV-specific immune function--counting the proportion of virus-specific CD8 cells by using flow cytometry to measure which of the cells produce gamma interferon in response to killed virus.
The macrophage study demonstrated that exposure to purified Salmonella lipopolysaccharide resulted in a very similar response profile to whole cells and that activation of macrophages with gamma interferon before infection modified the response (34).
They realised they could plug the weakness by injecting patients with a substance called gamma interferon, an extract of the immune system.
White cells called T lymphocytes taken from the mice secreted large amounts of gamma interferon, a substance thought to keep HIV at bay, the scientists discovered.
The research, presented at the Gordon Research Conference "The Biology of Aging" in Ventura, California, demonstrated that the telomerase activators not only increased the proliferative capacity of cytotoxic (CD8+) T-cells and their ability to produce a virus-fighting molecule, gamma Interferon (IFN(gamma)), but also improved the ability of CD8+ cells from HIV-positive donors to inhibit virus production in infected CD4+ T-cells.
The gamma interferon blood test has been labelled unreliable by critics since its introduction into Britain in 2002, with manufacturers claiming it produces false positives for TB.
The investigators presented data that showed that blood cells from immunized mice produced gamma interferon in response to the vaccine, while the blood cells from mice in the various control groups did not.