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Related to Gallicanism: ultramontanism
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a religious movement originating among the French Roman Catholic clergy that favored the restriction of papal control and the achievement by each nation of individual administrative autonomy of the church

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Maistre then had to oppose political Gallicanism, which had allowed kingly inference with papal appointments, in order to oppose the democratic will that sought the same.
The term Gallicanism refers to the most complete expression of the movement of nation-states away from shared power with the pope, as it took shape in seventeenth-century France under Louis XIV.
She is accused of both Gallicanism, a movement originating with the French clergy that favored the restriction of papal control, and ultramontanism, a policy that absolute authority in the church should be vested in the pope.
In particular, he wanted the liturgy in Solesmes to be celebrated according to the Roman Rite without the additions and innovations that were present in liturgies celebrated throughout France because of the influence of Gallicanism and Jansenism.
But neither the specter of Gallicanism nor of Orthodox nationalism must be allowed to frighten contemporary Catholic ecclesiology away from facing up to the gross inadequacy of any notion of communion among particular churches that is severed from regional structures of ecclesiality that would be secured by the existence of a regional primate.
56) Terence Fay, A History of Canadian Catholics: Gallicanism, Romanism, and Canadianism (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002), 241.
Magee asserted that any attempt to link Gallicanism with the authentic patriarchal evolution is flawed from the start: The former is a state-driven and divisive initiative, the latter a "flowering of unity towards unity.
Over the papacy loomed the French and imperial rulers whose rivalries and designs on religious authority within their kingdoms, such as French Gallicanism, kept the Church off balance.
As a conciliarist, Gerson helped to define the nascent outlines of what later became known as Gallicanism.
This eighteenth-century Austrian version of French Gallicanism was a radical program of ecclesiastical and social reform grounded on Enlightenment presuppositions and named after Joseph II who, along with his mother Maria Theresa, first implemented it in an increasingly despotic manner.
Terence Fay, A history of Canadian Catholics, Gallicanism, Romanism, and Canadianism.
Gallicanism thus provided the ballast for parliamentary centrists, enabling them to chart their course - leeward or windward as circumstances dictated - amid the tempests of religious reform and civil war.
But the religious wars, the rise of Jansenism and Gallicanism, and the Aufkl rung (Age of Enlightenment), with its insistence on the primacy of conscience over authority, all gravely weakened the papacy.
While debates on Gallicanism and Probabilism overlap, this new role of public opinion would force the Society of Jesus to integrate it explicitly into the moral debate.