8, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Francois Englert of the Universite Libre de Bruxellesand Peter Higgs of the University of Edinburgh "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle
, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider.
Then in 2012 ATLAS collected more collision data, which we added to our search to determine if it was a bona fide discovery; by July 2012 it was confirmed a new fundamental particle
had been discovered.
The newly confirmed  existence of the Majorana particle is an affirmation of this dialectical law and at the same time it is a negation of the (artificial) division into the absolute and the unitary categories of the fundamental particles
in nature as bosons and fermions.
They are among the most abundant - and least understood - fundamental particles
html) announced at a special seminar on July 4 last year, was originally theorized in the mid-1960s as the foundation of several particle theories that said fundamental particles
have mass when the forces that control their interactions should require them to be massless.
At CERN, the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments are used to study the basic constituents of matter -- the fundamental particles
The only recognized change of the stable and the everlasting fundamental particles
is their fusion at the core of the stars to form higher elements.
That insight, also reached at about the same time by others who didn't share the prize, became instrumental in developing the standard model, a theoretical framework that encompasses all known fundamental particles
and all but one of its forces (gravity).
Scientists will record the debris from these collisions so that they may study the results to learn more about the fundamental particles
and forces of the universe.
Theoretical physics tries to explain the enormous complexities of the universe in terms of basic fundamental particles
For example, their scenario shows that one of the major factors that determine what happens to the universe is the decay of fundamental particles
A handful of black-and-white diagrams and photographs illustrate this fascinating tour of scientific theory, recommended for anyone with even the most casual interest in understanding the fundamental particles
composing the Universe.
Marshall recognizes that fundamental particles
we know are electric monopoles and/or magnetic dipoles, but dark matter might contain the converse particles.
The frequency of these fundamental particles
, often of cesium or rubidium, creates a simple motion analogous to that of a sonic wave--a correlation that anticipates French artist Davide Balula's coupling of sound and time.
At its core, string theory suggests that fundamental particles
are not zero-dimensional points, but one-dimensional lines of vibrating energy or "strings.