fatty acid

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  • noun

Words related to fatty acid

any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis

References in periodicals archive ?
0 ml of chloroform/2-propanol (2/1, V/V) to remove neutral lipids, and then free fatty acids were eluted with 3.
54 mg KOH/ g oil corresponding to a free fatty acid (FFA) level of 3.
On the basis of kinetic metabolic studies in the fasting and fed states in patients with HIV-associated lipodystrophy, Sekhar et al (20,21) identified basic defects in adipocyte function that result in a marked acceleration of lipolysis, or hydrolysis of stored triglycerides leading to a net release of free fatty acids into the circulation.
The relative level of free fatty acids in each sample was determined by using an acyl-CoA-oxidase system assay kit (Roche Molecular Biochemicals, Indianapolis, IN).
In alkaline conditions, such as in kraft pulping, the triglycerides are completely saponified, and the free fatty acids and resin acids are dissolved, but sterols and some steryl esters and waxes do not form soluble soap and tend to deposit and cause pitch problems.
In various aspects the invention provides nucleic acid, including coding sequences, oligonucleotide primers and probes, polypeptides, pharmaceutical compositions, methods of diagnosis or prognosis, and other methods relating to and based on the gene, including methods of treatment of diseases in which the gene may be implicated, including autoimmune diseases, such as glomerulonephritis, diseases and disorders involving disruption of endocytosis and/or antigen presentation, diseases and disorders involving cytokine clearance and/or inflammation, viral infection, elevation of free fatty acids or hypercholesterolemia, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, and diabetes.
It is our hypothesis that decreasing the amount of free fatty acids, which are PPAR [gamma] agonists, may result in a decrease in UCP2 and PPAR [gamma] expression in murine hepatocytes.
High amounts of free fatty acids can lower the quality of cottonseed oil, making it darker in color and less stable.
5,6) Elevated levels of free fatty acids may promote both vascular thrombosis and cardiac arrhythmias.
The free fatty acids then pass into the lymphatic system, the body's "drains" and are eventually excreted in the urine.
A small amount of fatty acid in cells is also present as nonesterified or free fatty acids.
a) Sterilisation: Fruit bunches are sterilised to inactivate the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of oil to free fatty acids, to loosen the fruits from Bunches and to coagulate mucilage to acid recovery.
In addition, the Neosalus[R] line of products is specially formulated with several key ingredients that can promote healthy skin: dimethicone to help restore the skin barrier and reduce trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL); glycerin, a humectant to help retain moisture; and stearic/palmitic acids to produce ceramides, cholesterol, and other free fatty acids in the ratio the skin needs.
It is the only topical agent formulated with three essential lipids (ceramides, free fatty acids, and cholesterol) in a physiologically balanced ratio, which mimics the lipid concentration found in the skin.
PCSO-524 includes the five main lipid classes: sterol esters, sterols, polar lipids, triglycerides and free fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).