Of note are several lectures and unrevised articles from the 1980s that were probably intended for inclusion in Benson's book on Frederick Barbarossa
, left unfinished at his death.
met the same fate minutes after it slipped from his hands after crossing a stream.
If the crusade was distinctive because it was specifically a pilgrimage war, not just a holy or penitential war to Jerusalem, why were the ceremonies of taking the cross and crusaders adopting the symbols of pilgrimage repeatedly kept separate (as by Louis VII in 1147, or Frederick Barbarossa
in 1188/9, and Richard I 1187/90 and Philip II 1188/90)?
Tyerman fleshes out the leaders, men like the Christians Godfrey of Bullion and Bohemond, Frederick Barbarossa
, or Richard of Anjou, and the Muslim leaders Saladin and Baybars.
It would have been worthwhile to add some suggestions about Hitler's admiration for Frederick Barbarossa
and Frederick the Great as a possible parallel to Stalin's approval of some of his own predecessors.
Daughter of Roger II, one of the Norman kings of Sicily, half-sister of William I of Sicily, beloved aunt of his son William II, cousin of a usurper named Tancredi, daughter-in-law of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
, wife of Henry VI of Germany and mother of the brilliant but strange Frederick II, Constance, like most medieval women, is usually defined in terms of her relationships with men.
The Goksu river or the Saleph, as it was once known, has its moment in history like the Halys; it was the Goksu which claimed the life of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
when he tried to cross it on his way to crusade in the Holy Land.
Otto was the son of the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
and, according to the Venetian legend, had persuaded his father to accept the doges offer to make his peace with Pope Alexander III, a Venetian ally, in 1177.
The author contextulises Glyndwr within redeemer hero patterns in other traditions -- Ch'u Yuan in China, Baldwin in Flanders, Frederick Barbarossa
in Germany, Holger in Denmark, and Marko in Hungary.
He has given us a book on the widest possible range of topics, ranging from Frederick Barbarossa
, pious frauds, and other forgeries in the service of truth, or a topic currently much under discussion, the celibacy of the Catholic clergy, to subjects that the title would least lead us to expect: kissing and other forms of salutation, the trouble with the Germans, or why even non-Catholics and non-Christians, who would otherwise eschew the veneration of saints, have a talisman of St Christopher hanging in their cars.
Born in 1098 -- at the close of the first century of the millennium we claim as ours -- she lived to age 81 in an era in which princes and barons fought to enlarge their holdings, popes battled each other, crusades drew knights and riches from their homelands and King Frederick Barbarossa
led an army to Rome in hopes of restoring Charlemagne's empire.
It was attributed to almost every heretic in history, from Vannini to Bruno to Frederick Barbarossa
The neglect of the German contribution to the Third Crusade is owed, perhaps, to its somewhat anticlimactic ending: following a lengthy journey through Hungary, Byzantium, and Asia Minor, its leader, the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
, drowned somewhat ignominiously in a river without actually reaching the Holy Land.