Seated at a desk in front of a poster of Lenin, critic and scriptwriter Roman Gubern relates that the apertura--the opening of Francoist
Spain to tourism and economic development in the early '60s--was ironically accompanied by a formalization of censorship statutes; he then reads selections from a code banning criticisms of the Catholic Church, national identity, and Franco.
The fact that both possibilities (the supranational European discourse and Francoist
imperialist discourse) presuppose a strong drive to move beyond the confines of the national is symptomatic of the uneasiness with Spanish national identity that informs Duenas's novel, but also of the inability to completely do away with it.
Although the scope of the entire photo essay purports to be an unbiased evaluation of the political and economic state of Spain, there are unmistakable elements that indicate it more closely resembles Francoist
ideology limited women to the domestic sphere, without voting rights and with a very restricted access to the working world.
When in February 1939 Francoist
troops occupied the north-eastern proportion of the republic, in particular the autonomous region of Catalonia, a significant part of the rank-and-file membership and intermediate cadres headed towards the south of France.
At the time, his Francoist
colleagues called him a turncoat and the main opposition Socialists accused him of opportunism.
Otro libro importante en el tema de la represion ha sido escrito por un antiguo alumno de Graham, Peter Anderson, The Francoist
Military Trials: Terror and Complicity, 1939-1945 (2010).
With the exception of some authors (like Jose Luis Castro-de-Paz) and some recent works--like Historia de un genero cinematografico: La espanolada (History of a film genre: La Espanolada) of Jose Luis Navarrete-Cardero--which marginally address the late Francoist
period, the popular cinema of this time was in need of a detailed analysis, to detect its ideology, values, and beliefs.
At the same time, the image in Fuertes's mirror reflects not only a conflicted inner existence but also a public self, a multiply transgressive 'T' in problematic relation with the world; specifically, the ultra-conservative, repressive zeitgeist of postwar Francoist
Even so, there appears to be a certain line of continuity between the new wave of activism and the proposals of political, economic, and social citizenship deployed on the fringes of the Francoist
of Seville, Spain) describes thirteen judicial cases between 1981 and 2012 in which Spanish courts have dealt with those seeking to bring to light the crimes of the Franco dictatorship, ranging from the banning of Fernando Ruiz Vergara's documentary Rocio to the trial of Judge Baltasar Garzon for including the investigation of Francoist
crimes under his judicial remit.
The country placed itself under a constitution that established a social and democratic state, but also allowed the survival of Francoist
support within the army, whose officers were against the dismantling of Franco's regime (Carr, 2003, p.
A Law for the Recovery of Historical Memory - passed in 2007 - was a "major step" in re-examining the past, he said, because it ignited a debate about the consequences of Francoist
I will begin by setting the film in the context of gender stereotypes constructed by early Francoist
cinema for the Nationalist project before moving on to examine how the film's male protagonist measures up to notions of manhood provided in cultural anthropology.
And should we really have a British equivalent of Francoist
Spain's narrow and bigoted vision of the "Christian values" Mr Davies sets such store by?