A general overview of Francisella tularensis
and the epidemiology of tularemia in Turkey [in Turkish].
Tularaemia: bioterrorism defence renews interest in Francisella tularensis
, the organism responsible for tularemia, is highly susceptible to the environment and experiences biological decay at a rate of 2.
The Minister of National Defence of Her Majesty's Canadian Government (Ontario, Canada) has patented methods for identifying Francisella tularensis
Seventeen papers supply current knowledge about the bacterium Francisella tularensis
which has caused a plague-like disease spread by rodents and been studies as a biological weapon.
Key Words: ulceroglandular syndrome, Francisella tularensis
, tularemia, zoonosis, pediatrics
Tularemia, Francisella tularensis
is a small non-motile gram negative coccobacillus that can survive for weeks at low temperatures in water, soil, vegetation, and decaying animal carcasses.
The assay was able to detect 25 common bacterial pathogens (such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Staphylococcus aureus) and inactivated BT agents (such as Bacillus anthracis, Francisella tularensis
, Yersinia pestis, and Brucella species) in about 3 hours and 45 minutes, compared with 24 or more hours for detection by culture, said Dr.
Kaufmann, Meltzer, and Schmid (1997) model the impact of aerosolized release of three biological agents, Bacillus anthracis, Brucella melitensis, and Francisella tularensis
in a suburb of a major city; they estimate the economic impact of a bioterrorist attack at between $477.
The CDC also has identified an "A" list of biological agents of highest concern, which includes (a) variola major (smallpox), (b) Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), (c) Yersinia pestis (plague), (d) Francisella tularensis
(tularemia), (e) botulinum toxin (botulism), and (f) filoviruses and arenaviruses (viral hemorrhagic fevers).
caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis
, transmitted to humans by insects or the handling of infected animals.
Tularaemia is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium francisella tularensis
that is related to the organism that causes plague.
In vitro antibiotic susceptibility of Francisella tularensis
isolated from humans and animals.
Increased synthesis of DnaK, GroEL, and GroES bomologs by Francisella tularensis
LVS in response to heat and hydrogen peroxide.
Baylor University Medical Center, like most hospitals, has a level A clinical laboratory, which has been asked by the CDC to rule out Bacillus anthracis, Brucella species, Francisella tularensis
, and Yersinia pestis as part of the bioterrorism preparedness.