As stated at the beginning of the paper, that Nazi mythology was based on the ideas of racial hygiene that Hitler took from such social Darwinists as Lenz and Francis Galton
(1822-1911) was a distinguished polymath who made major contributions to a variety of intellectual fields.
in England that Sir Francis Galton
(1822-1911), coined the word
, Inquiries Into Human Faculty and Its Development (London: Macmillan, 1883), 25.
The current system for fingerprint evidence was pioneered by Sir Francis Galton
, who first demonstrated his theories in 1893.
In 1865, Francis Galton
published his series "Hereditary Talent and Character" in Macmillan's Magazine, expanding it four years later into Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into Its Laws and Consequences.
As Charles Darwin once wrote to his cousin Francis Galton
, founder of the eugenics movement: "I have always maintained that, excepting fools, men [do] not differ much in intellect, only in zeal and hard work.
Stephen Jay Gould's The Mismeasure of Man dissects an unbroken trajectory--from Francis Galton
, the mid-Nineteenth-Century founder of eugenics, to Berkeley psychologist Arthur Jensen in the 1970s--of scientists' attempts to explain social inequality through the metaphors of presumably immutable biological forces.
In 1883, Francis Galton
affirmed that the question of whether "sick persons who pray or are prayed for recover on the average more rapidly than others.
(1822-1911): The Inheritance of Mental Ability
He married Frances Violetta, a daughter of Erasmus Darwin, and was the father of Francis Galton
, who was born in Birmingham.
In the 1880s Francis Galton
, Charles Darwin's cousin, coined the term "eugenics" for a movement he hoped to launch to lead the brightest and most industrious to marry their own kind and to rear superior offspring.
She explores this history through case studies of exemplary (pseudo)scientific moments in history: the initial development of eugenics by mathematician Francis Galton
, the early history of intelligence testing (or psychometrics), the conversion of Nobel Prize-winning physicist William Shockley to racist eugenics and the expansion of Shockley's theories by psychologist Arthur R.
The reception of pangenesis by the scientific community was decidedly mixed, although it inspired the work of scientists such as De Vries, von Nageli, Weisman, Brooks, Spencer, and even Darwin's own cousin Francis Galton
, as we will see later (Kampourakis, 2012).
While assessing the work of Charles Darwin, Francis Galton
, a half cousin of Darwin, wondered if the human genetic makeup could be improved and undesirables eliminated.