Du Bousquier was depicted as a species of celibate Pere Gigogne, a monster, who for the last fifteen years had kept the Foundling Hospital
Instead of foundling hospitals
, we have the legal, bureaucratic, and interpersonal complexity of a child welfare system.
In many European cities, women--and not just aristocrats--often sent their babies and young children to be raised in foundling hospitals
or by wet nurses in the country.
Simultaneously, ever more women abandoned their newborn babies on the doorstep of the father or at foundling hospitals
In a single institution, be it orphanage, conservatory, convent, or foundling hospital
, inmates of higher social status enjoyed markedly more individual attention and preferential treatment.