The cruel accidents of slavery and the slave-trade drove all Africans together, and no discrimination was made in the shambles between the Foulah
and the Timneh, the Mandingo and the Mendi, the Ashantee and the Fantee, the Eboe and the Congo--between the descendants of the nobles and the offspring of slaves, between kings and their subjects--all were placed on the same level .
He asserted that in Africa the pastoral, even nomadic peoples such as the Foulah (Fulani) were closer to whites, while agricultural west African blacks failed even to domesticate animals.
Schoelcher's examples, Courtet charged, only referred to non-Negro peoples, like the Ethiopians, the Caffirs of southeast Africa, the Foulah, or the Mandingo.
62) The commission agreed with Courtet that the Galla, Foulah, and Caffir achievements would not support Schoelcher's argument since they were not "Negro.