former

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Synonyms for former

Synonyms for former

Synonyms for former

the first of two or the first mentioned of two

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referring to the first of two things or persons mentioned (or the earlier one or ones of several)

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belonging to some prior time

(used especially of persons) of the immediate past

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belonging to the distant past

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References in periodicals archive ?
But it is to "traditional Japanese grammar" that we must look for the failure to recognize these thematic vowels for what they are, not only in the case of this iterative +F- but in many other forms as well; so also for the reason why we learn nothing here of the equally important employment of this formant as a denominal verb suffix (utaF-'sing' < uta 'song', etc.
However, the results of some earlier studies on the production of Finnish vowels suggest that there exist minor spectral dissimilarities in the formant frequencies F1-F3 of the produced short and long vowels.
To determine the position in the vowel space of the central vowel and the "weak" vowels, measurements were made of formants 1 and 2 and the positions of the vowels were entered into a chart, along with the other seven SMM vowels.
The stimulus corpus was created by interpolating stepwise between proto-typical values of the first three formants for each vowel pair and calculating evenly spaced steps through the F1/F2/F3 continua.
The same tendency also characterizes the mid-high back vowel /o/, as the short /o/ is further away from the long and overlong /o/ in the formant space (the distance between the F1 of the /o/ in Q1 and in Q3 is 90 Hz or 0.
The values of formant frequencies and standard deviation of vowels resulted from the averaged data of eight speakers (analysis of 463 vowels) (see Table 1).
In order to study the quality of the glottal stop, formant values of the vowels preceding the [?
Making basic adjustments on Voice Attributes -- Pitch, Timbre, Formant Pitch -- can significantly change the input voice's characteristics, unless there are quality enhancers to help with polishing the output quality.
competition, and compromises among the formants that produce them.
He explains harmonics, theories of vocal resonance, the basics of formants, harmonic/formant interactions, female/treble voice resonance strategies, male passaggio training, perceptions of when a voice turns over, the pedagogic implications of vocal tract acoustics, pedagogic strategies that encourage stability and a convergent resonator, the acoustics of belting, terminology, and vocal explorations and exercises for vowel turning and first formant/first harmonic (F1/H1) tracking, as well as supplemental strategies.
Additional material on formants and harmonic formants interactions is concisely presented, along with treble voice resonance strategies and male passagio training.
Intriguingly, the elephant Koshik is capable of matching both pitch and timbre patterns: he accurately imitates human formants as well as the voice pitch of his trainers.
We also measured the parameters (pitch, intensity, duration, and formants 1, 2, 3 and 4) of the collected sounds using Praat 0.
In addition, formants are important for recognizing consonants, as illustrated in Figure 20.