We excluded cases consistent with fomite
These are called fomites
(places that can spread disease).
The bacteria are maintained in a herd by carriers and spread by direct contact (head to head), the activity of flies and inanimate fomites
(fence posts, feed barriers etc).
1) Mumps is spread through respiratory droplets and contact with contaminated fomites
Hepatitis A virus persists for long periods on contaminated fomites
such as sanitary tiles and latex gloves.
These results indicate that feathers detached from domestic ducks infected with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) can be a source of environmental contamination and may function as fomites
with high viral loads in the environment," said the researchers.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus survival on hospital fomites
The spread of these microbes can occur by direct human contact, airborne vectors or through fomites
(surfaces that harbor microbes), which include nonwovens.
The bacteria can also be spread by fomites
(brushes, halters, harnesses and water troughs) and people in close contact with horses (owners, farriers, veterinarians and grooms) are at greater risk of contracting Glanders.
Humans are accidental hosts and are infected by the ingestion of ova from fomites
or contaminated water, and by direct contact with dogs.
Likewise it has led to the dismissal of the possibility of smallpox in fomites
(clothing or bedding) being responsible.
Other means of infection are person-to-person via asymptomatic carriers and episodes of public vomiting, through fomites
They are spread by the faecal-oral route, with food, water, fomites
, insects (especially flies) and direct person-to-person contact.
Moreover, exposure to fomites
from an endemic area was the likely source for his coccidiomycosis pneumonia.
Using swabs moistened in sterile nutrient broth, samples were collected from different fomites
(N=23) in the facilities18 hours after scheduled cleaning, once monthly from August- November, 2005.