Chapman quotes often from Christopher Wordsworth, the poet's nephew, who wrote the official Anglican response to the First Vatican Council
, and called the Church of Rome the Babylon of the Apocalypse.
Another essay, by Dominik Burkard, shows how John Henry Newman's thought--Newman referred to conscience as the "authoritative oracle"--intersected with Acton's and compares and contrasts how the two men, animated by similar ideas, dealt with the challenge posed by the First Vatican Council
and papal infallibility.
Perreau-Saussine can claim a victory for political Gallicanism at the First Vatican Council
since it did abandon the deposing power favored by Maistre.
Pope Pius IX had similarly decreed in 1869 that his death would automatically terminate the first Vatican Council
, again with a view to preventing council members from taking the initiative in electing his successor.
One of the most fascinating episodes is Moran's involvement in the first Vatican Council
, which defined Papal Infallibility.
In 1870 the infallibility decree of the First Vatican Council
gave even more emphasis to the monarchic conception of the papacy.
A familiar part of this story tells of the desperate reactions of the Vatican to the impending loss of the Papal States, including the condemnation of liberalism in the Syllabus of Errors in 1864 and the proclamation of papal primacy and infallibility by the First Vatican Council
in 1870, coincident with the Franco-Prussian War.
The Old Catholic Church was founded after the First Vatican Council
in 1870 declared papal infallibility.
Maynard observes that the American Church had its own period of reconstruction, which culminated in the participation of the United States hierarchy in the first Vatican Council
and their support for the definition of papal infallibility.
Towards the end of the nineteenth century the First Vatican Council
(1870) proclaimed the `doctrine of papal infallibility'.
Pio Nono, in fact, emerges as the key villain, both real and symbolic, of the book: an ignorant, petulant-when-not-hysterical power-monger (he once made a group of liberal German bishops kiss his shoe in obeisance), Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti represents for Wills something like the outer limit of obscurantism and duplicity, culminating in his rigged definition of papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council
I describe this as an emphasis rather than a position because Archbishop Quinn unequivocally expresses his allegiance to the papacy as it is presented in the solemn teachings of the Church, including the First Vatican Council
Five years later--during the siege of Rome by Italian Nationalists--Pius IX convened the First Vatican Council
that introduced the doctrine of Papal Infallibility.
The Old Holy Catholic Church was created in the wake of the First Vatican Council
in the 19th century after a group of bishops in Holland left the Roman Catholic Church in a dispute over papal infallibility.
Though one can certainly sympathize with Melkite historians when they speak of an imprudent Latinizing diminution of the historic patrimony of their church, there simply is, it must be said, no such thing as a homogeneous doctrine of the papacy, its theory and practice, in the first Christian millennium against which the notions of universally primatial jurisdiction and infallible teaching authority, as promulgated at the First Vatican Council
, can be judged and found wanting.