And ICARDA's most vital project - a seed bank containing 155,000 varieties of the region's main crops, a sort of agricultural archive of the Fertile Crescent
- faced extinction.
We thought the people of the Fertile Crescent
were one group genetically and culturally, but in fact they were probably two or more," says paleogeneticist Joachim Burger of the University of Mainz in Germany, who led the study.
Scientists have discovered evidence regarding a previously unknown group of Stone Age farmers from the eastern part of the Fertile Crescent
, signaling that agriculture was invented more than once, and challenging existing theories related to the origin of the concept.
The countries lie within the Fertile Crescent
, a broad swath of land stretching from the eastern Mediterranean to the Zagros Mountains and the Persian Gulf that gave rise to some of the earliest complex societies.
These were the dead of the Great War, interred in a far flung corner of that titanic conflict, some at Kut al-Amara by the banks of the eternal Tigris, the fertile crescent
of antiquity and cradle of civilisation.
Among their topics are Central America's humble potato, saving the Pacific yew tree, foods of the Fertile Crescent
, garlic and pungent smells, tea from legend to healthy obsession, Maca from the high Andes in South America, morphine as a two-edged sword, tobacco's profound impact on the world, the biblical resins frankincense and myrrh, global aloe, the yellow and orange dyes of saffron and carotenoids, and the red dyes of henna and madder.
It is an ode to the rise and fall of the ancient civilisations of the Fertile Crescent
, and to the present condition of the region, two curving acrylic sheets echo the shapes of winding rivers, while within the silk pattern, one can make out the Arabic word for serenity.
Most of the Fertile Crescent
(Levant) region has a favourable distribution of Silurian source rock and the potential for extensive hydrocarbon generation.
The Fertile Crescent
includes parts of Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, South-eastern Turkey, Iraq and Western Iran.
Stuffed grape leaves are one of the oldest recipes still popular today, originating thousands of years ago in the Fertile Crescent
The Fertile Crescent
is being destroyed and I see no end in the near future but terrible suffering for Arab people.
They are thought to have been brought to Britain and Ireland by roaming bands of hunter-gatherers over many millennia and, after 3,000BC, by the first female farmers from the Fertile Crescent
region of Western Asia.
There was very early winemaking in Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Crimea, Armenia and Moldava, but all evidence points to at least 6,000 BCE, if not before, for the first propagation of wine grapes--in Georgia--in the Fertile Crescent
The most significant conclusion -- highlights Eva FernEaAindez -- is that the degree of genetic similarity between the populations of the Fertile Crescent
and the ones of Cyprus an Crete supports the hypothesis that Neolithic spread in Europe took place through pioneer seafaring colonization, not through a land-mediated expansion through Anatolia, as it was thought until now.
The Maronite church has its roots in the Fertile Crescent
of the early 5th century.