understood female genital cutting
as an isolated instance of physical violence with limited effects.
In 1997, the Canadian government tabled Bill C-27 to amend the Criminal Code so as to include express reference to female genital cutting
as a form of aggravated assault.
They counter the "one Africa" by offering detailed accounts of the contextual meanings of forms of female genital cutting
The politics of female genital cutting
in Somaliland, grassroots, government and the international community.
The prevalence of female genital cutting
varied widely among countries: It was very high in Sierra Leone (94%), The Gambia (79%), Burkina Faso (74%) and Mauritania (72%), but low in Togo, Ghana and Niger (2-6%).
Accordingly, if an issue is seen as detracting from another already accepted issue, as some see the anti-male -circumcision movement as taking attention away from work to stop female genital cutting
, this can produce roadblocks.
Four article-reply pairs follow, comparing infant male circumcision to female and intersex genital cutting, critiquing the conceptualization of genital modification, discussing the justification of HIV prevention, and addressing the socially constructed element of "mutilation" in female genital cutting
Female genital cutting
and HIV/AIDS among Kenyan women.
Other forms of GBV include domestic violence, forced and early marriage, sexual exploitation, and female genital cutting
Her examples include African female genital cutting
, Western body modifications, Muslim veiling, anorexia, and Western fashion and beauty practices.
Determinants of coital frequency among married women in Central African Republic: the role of female genital cutting
Knowledge of female genital cutting
and its adverse consequences increased, and adherence to the practice declined, after implementation of an educational program aimed at empowering women and promoting health in southern Senegal.
The legislation is being inaugurated after having passed through some contentious debates on issues like female genital cutting
and child adoption -- a matter complicated by wide-scale abductions carried out in some areas of the South.
Priver raises a controversial issue that has long been debated among politicians, nongovernmental organizations, and women who have undergone female genital cutting
Skaine reveals her point of view--opposition to the practices--in her preface, stating that she uses the term female genital cutting
(FGC) most frequently in the book, but that "I cannot deny that my cultural bias makes me favor the term female genital mutilation" (FGM) (p.