CONTENTS I Introduction II The Curran and Ward Analysis III The Courts at Federation IV Constitutional and Post-Constitutional Federal Arrangements for Courts V Developing a Framework for Federal Jurisdiction after 1918 VI The Postwar Harbingers of Change VII Emerging Nationalism and the Federal Courts
VIII Federal Courts
as Integral to the Federal Polity IX Three Tiers of Federal Justice X Conclusion: Federal Courts
and Federal Identity
Furthermore,he directed measures to make immediate arrangements for the up-gradation of the infrastructure in the Federal Courts
and Tribunals Lahore.
According to Erie, federal courts
must defer to state supreme courts concerning the content and scope of state law.
Further, the court noted that the Federal Court
had previously denied jurisdiction over the case when the defendant hospital had sought to have the case removed to the Federal Court
five years earlier.
While plaintiffs' lawyers couldn't accuse corporations of violating federal securities laws (those claims may be made in federal courts
only), they could accuse corporations of common law fraud or violating state (as opposed to federal) securities laws.
While litigants often debate the scope of "relevance," the Federal Courts
routinely err in favor of permitting discovery.
have struck down some state laws regulating pornography, ruling that the First Amendment prohibits what the courts have described as the "freedom of expression.
Other speakers targeted the federal courts
, a regular object of Religious Right wrath.
Then an appeals court ruled that Smith was entitled to nothing because federal courts
lack jurisdiction in probate disputes.
are generally loath to substitute their judgment for that of the agency entrusted by Congress with the task of administering a statutory program.
Three high-profile cases of reporters being subpoenaed to reveal their sources highlight the innumerable cases of federal courts
aggressively pursuing journalists:
Between June and September of 2004 federal courts
in California, New York, and Nebraska all ruled unconstitutional a ban on so-called partial-birth abortion enacted last year by Congress and gleefully signed into law by George W.
He explained that there have been other failed attempts to strip federal courts
of jurisdiction on specific issues.
Rehnquist warned: "The number of cases brought to the federal courts
is one of the most serious problems facing them today.
Reversing a lower court and joining other federal courts
in ruling on the issue, the Seventh U.