, suffering and death are part of what makes us human and thus must be meaningfully integrated into our lives rather than falsely sought to be eradicated.
Two of Kierkegaard's other early existentialist
readers were Martin Buber and Miguel de Unamuno.
Indeed, if we consider that the historians of Existentialist
thought have traced its genealogy to the work of Blaise Pascal in the 17th century, S0ren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche in 19th century and Martin Heidegger in the early 20th century, then we can understand that the liberating skepticism intrinsic in this line of thought is not restricted to the work of Sartre, Camus, Marcel and de Beauvoir post-WWII.
Applying the ideas of phenomenology existentialists
shifted the focus of attention from phenomenology as strict science (defined as having a special access to its own presuppositions) to the crucial question for the existential philosophy--"what does it mean to be a person and what is its peculiar way of being?
It is true that he honored the atheistic existentialists
because, even in their denial that our longing can be divinely fulfilled, they nonetheless discerned its gnawing presence.
When you can potentially be anything, the existentialists
worry, you may in fact be nothing--and have no identity at all.
But like the earlier existentialist
reception of Nietzsche, the death of God theology (at least in the central work of Thomas Altizer) is dependent, above all, on a notion of presence -- indeed, as Altizer does not hesitate to state, "total presence.
She is at her best when she addresses the accomplishments and failures of modern philosophical and political movements, particularly the uneasy relations between existentialist
phenomenology and socialist political thought.
A recent Shamus Award nominee, Sallis's work is influenced by the French existentialists
and the work of Chester Himes (who makes a brief appearance in the novel Black Hornet).
and compassion cops, life really is a meaningless exercise alleviated only by pleasure.
that of Malevich), which he fancied as the historical horizon of his practice, seems also to have been intended to counteract the threatening prospects of a renewed radical secularization of cultural production formulated at precisely that mid-'50s moment by Marxists, phenomenologists, and Existentialists
This partially explains why the field of psychology has not addressed this construct, except for the existentialists
of Copenhagen, Denmark) collects 11 of his previously published papers on the history of continental philosophy (presenting some in English for the first time), which are united in their general theme by a challenge to the common notion that existentialism marked some form of radical break with earlier German idealism and an assertion that the idealist works of Hegel (and to a lesser extent, Kant) have had an enduring influence on European philosophy, including the later 20th-century existentialists
who are frequently seen as far removed from the philosophy of Hegel.
Marcel's own controlling metaphor is, indeed, an apt one for entering into the work sympathetically, as some of its strongest essays contain brief and powerful dialectical arguments that pull out by the roots various fallacies committed by the French existentialists
, while others take on the more lyrical form of the gardener giving thanks to God for the miraculous beauty and fecundity of nature as both the source of our earthly hope and the sign of our heavenly one.
Philosophers are grouped into schools (rationalists, liberals, materialists, existentialists