evidential

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Synonyms for evidential

serving as or based on evidence

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References in periodicals archive ?
Arakaki examines the marks of evidence that control the source of speaker identification, then analyzes Luchuan grammar the direct evidence of verb morphology, the inferential and assumed evidence, the reportive evidence as a contribution to the study of evidentiality in Luchuan, and the typological and theoretical study of evidentiality as a grammatical category.
From a functional point of view a distinction is usually drawn between grammatical means, whose primary function is to express evidentiality, and grammatical means, whose primary function is to express other (non-evidential) categories but which convey evidentiality as a secondary conventionalized meaning (e.
The Estonian quotative mood and the jussive express reported evidentiality which is a subtype of indirect evidentiality.
A context-sensitive and functional approach to evidentiality in Spanish or why evidentiality needs a superordinate category.
Es finden sich ubersichtliche Aufsatze, wie etwa "Typological Overview of Estonian Syntax" (Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, 2009), "Estonian Clause Patterns--from Finno-Ugric to Standard Average European" (LU 2006, Mitautor Helle Metslang), "Tense and Evidentiality in Estonian" (im Sammelband: Topics in Subjectification and Modalization, 2006, Mitautoren Helle Metslang und Karl Pajusalu), "Grammar and Pragmatics: Changes in the Paradigm of the Estonian Imperative" (LU 2004, Mitautor Helle Metslang).
Thus, Huston (1994) and Huston and Thompson (2000) study evaluation, whereas Chafe (1986) and Ochs (1989) speak of evidentiality and affect, respectively.
This development is particularly interesting because it mirrors that seen for reported evidentials in languages that have a grammaticized system of evidentiality.
A major controversy in this branch of linguistics is whether crosslinguistic descriptive categories of evidentiality and epistemic modality are distinct but similar, are distinct but overlapping, or one is a subset of the other, explains Boye (U.
Moving further up the evidentiality spectrum, we might find miscellaneous case histories that seem to show a common theme.
Topics discussed include modals and the present perfect, constraints on the meanings of modal auxiliaries in counter-factual clauses, the Italian modal dovere in the conditional, German evidential constructions and their origins, epistemic modalities and evidentiality in standard spoken Tibetan, and fake past and covert emotive modality.
Core finiteness-related phenomena are inflectional markings, which are grammaticalized in most languages of the world: person marking (above all subject marking), tense, aspect (mainly perfectivity/imperfectivity), evidentiality, negation and politeness; it is also tempting to see obligatory subject pronouns as a kind of periphrastic finiteness marking.
Furthermore, as Palmer (2006) cogently expressed, evidentiality is a matter of degree for both experiments and case material; experiments have their own serious limitations, and the best validity is obtained by converging evidence from both case material and experiments.
Linguistic realization of evidentiality in European languages.
The verb pidama may express also non-inferential, quotative evidentiality, as in