and in the mid-1990s a Glaucous-winged Gull caught and swallowed a wet European Starling
2,3) The European starling
has extensively been used as a model to study iron storage disease.
Song as an honest signals of past developmental stress in the European starling
98% pure) as nesting deterrents against European starlings
Dr Cindy Engel told an audience at the Edinburgh International Science Festival that creatures such as the European starling
often used herbs and plants to improve their health.
A nest box-breeding population of European Starlings
was studied on the campus of Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (44[degrees] 39' N, 63[degrees] 34' W) from April to July 2010-2012.
House sparrows, European starlings
, and Carneux pigeons were inoculated with 4 influenza A (H5N1) viruses isolated from different avian species.
Abstract: Iron absorption was compared in European starlings
(Sturnus vulgaris) fed diets containing high iron (1585 ppm), high iron (1720 ppm) with a phytate (inosital) and tannic acid, low iron (32-34 ppm), low iron with a meat-based dog food, or low iron with vitamin C.
Ornithologists have reported that some birds, such as European starlings
, tuck aromatic leaves with pest-fighting properties into old nests.
One of the bluebirds' prime adversaries are European starlings
, which were introduced to North America by a man who thought Americans should be able to see all of the birds mentioned in the works of Shakespeare.
In fact, bluebirds were nearly extirpated from the state as a result of forest succession, pesticide use and competition for nesting cavities from house sparrows and European starlings
Roth and Lima (2003) reported introduced bird species, especially European Starlings
and Rock Pigeons (Columba livia), were important prey of seven female and one male radio marked Cooper's Hawks wintering in Terre Haute, Indiana.
Abstract: European starlings
(Sturnus vulgaris) were fed an iron loading diet (3235 ppm) for 31 days to induce nonheme liver iron concentrations approaching those in birds that died with iron storage disease.
Twenty-three surviving birds had no WNV isolated from tissues at 14 days postinoculation, including three Northern Bobwhite, three Ring-necked Pheasants, three Monk Parakeets, two Budgerigars, one Great Horned Owl, one Mourning Dove, six European Starlings
, two Common Grackles, and two Red-winged Blackbirds.
flew in a small, room-sized wind tunnel at speeds of 20 to 45 miles per hour while being radiographed from the side and above, at 200 frames per second.