First, the Crusades were not the first step in European colonialism
In their defensive positions, "the Ethiopian formation near Adwa resembled a cross to enable it to respond in the same manner no matter from which side the enemy's attack came," according to Milkias in his chapter, "The Battle of Adwa: The Historic Victory of Ethiopia over European Colonialism
The other espies the root of all evils in external interference, from European colonialism
to the creation of Israel and assorted ventures of the imperial United States.
In it Okagbue sets the tone for the unfolding discourse in the book and takes his readers through a crash course on some of the ideologies, assumptions and attitudes that underpinned transatlantic slavery and European colonialism
But, unlike European colonialism
, this time there will be no future lowering of flags, no independence or manumission -- Africa and vulnerable states such as Sierra Leone are being locked into a capricious embrace from which there appears to be no escape.
Lockard is a fierce critic of colonialism, or of European colonialism
at any rate; and US involvement in the Second Indochina War (pp.
In this new edition the editor sets out to place the story in its proper context, against the background of a literary tradition reaching back to the eighteenth century and against the background of African history and European colonialism
In that year, a spirit of freedom swept the continent as the era of European colonialism
all but ended.
Ture and Hamilton compared the situation of African Americans to Africans under European colonialism
, citing France and Portugal.
Through blending historical styles with "African" visual motifs, Shonibare confronts issues of African identity and European colonialism
in an, at times, playful manner.
Wild-Wood dedicates her first substantive chapter to a depiction of the Anglican Church during the era of European colonialism
It's in fact a product of long historical and political processes shaped by particular forms of oppression, namely slavery, European colonialism
, Arab-driven nationalism, and policies of Arabization and Islamization, among others.
One of the must important achievements of this book is that it de-centers the traditional primacy of European colonialism
, and brings nuance to the received notion that the Ottomans emulated the imperial practices of France and other European states.
The ideology of the Scottish National Party dates from the days when the Soviet Union saw European colonialism
as an advanced form of Capitalist domination over colonial proletariats, and encouraged nationalist sensibilities amongst colonial peoples with the aim of converting them into Marxist-leaning movements.
How has the legacy of European colonialism
impacted Africa and the conflicts that are prevalent today?