Impact of supplements on iron absorption from diets containing high and low iron concentrations in the European starling
TABLE 1 Nesting activity of European starlings
in nest boxes treated with BGR (1), sulfur, and control during an experiment in Erie County, OH, USA, 9 May through 27 July 2007.
Distribution and migration of the European Starling
in North America.
Abstract: Iron absorption was compared in European starlings
(Sturnus vulgaris) fed diets containing high iron (1585 ppm), high iron (1720 ppm) with a phytate (inosital) and tannic acid, low iron (32-34 ppm), low iron with a meat-based dog food, or low iron with vitamin C.
We studied a nest-box breeding population of European Starlings
on the campus of Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (44[degrees] 37' 54.
Previous experimental work has shown that adding a phytate (inositol) and tannic acid to a high-iron diet prevents excess iron uptake in European starlings
The function of green plants in nests of European Starlings
Our nesting data over two breeding seasons demonstrate successful use of a PVC tube cavity by three native passerine species and avoidance by European Starlings
, likely due to a reduced vertical depth.
Female presence affects male behavior and testosterone levels in the European Starling
This pattern is similar to its close relative, the European Starling
(Sturnus vulgaris), which also has close phylogenetic affinities with the Gray Catbird (Meijer 1992:fig.
Distance to the nearest successful Cliff Swallow nest was measured for all House Sparrow, Cliff Swallow, and European Starling
(Sturnus vulgaris) nests.
We compared feeding choices by an invasive bird, the European Starling
(Sturnus vulgaris), with those of a native bird, the American Robin (Turdus migratorius).
This research programme will investigate how adversity experienced early in life affects cognition in adulthood in two different long-lived species, humans and European starlings
Hundreds of millions of European starlings
(Sturrtus vulgaris) now flock in the winter, almost darkening the skies in some areas, leaving trouble and messes in their wakes.
paratuberculosis in wild European starlings
at a Kansas cattle feedlot.