The ethylene dibromide
- which can cause severe burning of the skin and even liver damage in prolonged exposure - was being transferred by tanker to the Kaneb plant, in Eastham.
Irradiation treatment has been shown to be safe and effective, has been used for over four decades, and has emerged as an environmentally friendly replacement for fumigation chemicals such as ethylene dibromide
, banned in 1984, and methyl bromide, which will also be banned by January 2001.
In the 1980' s, mangoes imported to the United States from the Caribbean were treated with ethylene dibromide
- EDB - to stop hitch-hiking pests like fruit flies.
Based on the average residues found in foods to which the chemical is routinely applied, and on the proportion of the average American diet that these foods comprise, EPA estimates that a 70-year exposure might yield a 1 in 1,000 risk of contracting cancer--roughly the same order of magnitude, Lapsley says, as the risk his agency came up with for ethylene dibromide
(EDB), banned last year (SN: 3/10/84, p.
Ten pollutants exceeded health benchmark values at one or more sites by modeling, monitoring, or both (including acrolein, arsenic, benzene, 1,3-butadiene, carbon tetrachloride, chromium, chloroform, ethylene dibromide
, formaldehyde, and nickel).