All three groups contained elites who pressed a strong ethnic nationalist
consciousness, perhaps as a means of bridging internal class antagonisms.
Understanding Rwanda's role as an ethnic nationalist
state is fundamental to resolving the continuing crisis in the DRC.
politics and political movements have highlighted the grievances of their ethnic communities.
Besides flooding the international arms market with sophisticated weapons, the retreat of the superpowers is creating a vacuum in which ethnic nationalist
groups around the world-Tamils, Croatians, Igbos, Azerbaijanis, Sikhs-can press their demands.
After the old Soviet Union broke up in 1991 the first president of independent Georgia was Zviad Gamsakhurdia, a former dissident and ethnic nationalist
who led the country into a civil war.
The current rebellion consists of an alliance between a secular ethnic nationalist
group called the National Movement for the Liberation of Awazad (MNLA) and Islamist extremist groups.