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a member of an ascetic Jewish sect around the time of Jesus

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Volume one treats in turn Pliny the Elder and the designation "esseni," the same question as it arises in Philo of Alexandria, then Josephus, and the problems of interpolations in his works, the question of itinerant Essenian monks of the Roman empire, in the East, closer to the center of the empire, and in the North ("Russie"), with a discussion of the question as it pertains to the West, from the seventeenth century until today--adding up to in brief, the Essenes never disappeared and the similarities between the Gospels and the Dead Sea Scrolls will surprise no one who bears in mind that Jesus was in fact a Jew.
It is also significant that the charismatic and prophetic figure who founded the Essenian Movement was known as the Master of Justice.