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To be able to identify patients with signs and symptoms of epiretinal membrane (Group 6.
To understand the clinical management of patients with epiretinal membrane (Group 8.
To be able to understand the natural progress of epiretinal membrane (Group 1.
Epiretinal membranes pass through stages in their development: they form as delicate glial sheets then go through a contractile phase before remaining fairly static, although macular oedema may evolve.
The symptoms of an epiretinal membrane are consequent on its thickness and its degree of contracture.
Epiretinal membranes appear as a hyper-reflective band on the anterior retinal surface (Figure 2).
Which of the following statements about epiretinal membranes is FALSE?
A positive Watzke-Allen sign is not expected with a partial thickness hole (lamellar hole), a pseudohole, (a hole in an epiretinal membrane overlying the retina as opposed to a hole in the retina itself), vitreomacular traction, or cystoid macular oedema.
00D risk factor for RD Previous eye conditions Epiretinal membrane Previous intra-ocular surgery Risk factor for RD Endophthalmitis risk (if surgery recent) Previous cataract surgery Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) Cystic macular oedema, RD Current eye drops History of inflammatory disease Steroid related side effects Glaucoma medications Trauma RD, commotio retinae, choroidal rupture, epiretinal membrane, vitreous haemorrhage General Health Diabetes Vitreous haemorrhage, TRD, maculopathy, vein occlusions Hypertension Vascular occlusions Carotid stenosis, atrial fibrillation, head murmurs, or Central retinal artery occlusion artificial valves?
For example 40% of exudative AMD cases will be bilateral within five years and approximately 25% of epiretinal membranes are bilateral, whereas only 10% to 20% of patients with a macular hole have bilateral disease.