fauna

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Impacts of otter trawling on colonial epifaunal assemblages on a cobble bottom ecosystem on Western Bank (northwest Atlantic).
Effects of plant species richness and composition on epifaunal colonization in brackish water angiosperm communities.
1) Epifaunal substrate--How much cover/surface area is provided by the substratum (cobble, large rocks, logs and woody debris, and undercut banks) as refugia for macroinvertebrates and fish.
Old bridge structures with combinations of high truss, deck truss and girders provide substrata for a variety of epifaunal organisms including barnacles, mussels and hydroids.
Old bridge structures with combinations of high truss, deck truss, and girders provide substrata for a variety of epifaunal organisms including barnacles, mussels, and hydroids.
Perception and choice of substartum by epifaunal amphipods associated with seagrasses.
Epifaunal invertebrates other than sponges that were attached to the boulders or present on the surrounding seafloor were noted, as were any fish species present.
Effects of long-term physical disturbance by commercial scallop fishing on subtidal epifaunal assemblages and habitats.
Where the seabed consists of rocks, mobile fishing gear removes large epifaunal invertebrates (such as sponges, cnidarians, and bryozoans) and moves boulders along the bottom.
7% Taxon Feeding Type Life Habit Peruviella dolium detritus infaunal Pinna comancheana suspension infaunal Scabrotrigonia emoryi suspension infaunal Nerineid gastropods detritus infaunal Texigryphaea fragments suspension epifaunal Bivalvia indet.
edulis, which is a moderately thin-shelled epifaunal bivalve with a bimineralic shell comprised of approximately equivalent amounts of calcite and aragonite (e.
Even so, older reefs often have more well-developed epifaunal benthic communities that can influence habitat value (Redman and Szedlmayer, 2009), and this development might be expected for older artificial reefs like those in our study.
The Georgia Basin reefs have formed on glacial highs or on glacial flutes, where the raised surfaces of boulders and cobbles provide a hard substrate for benthic epifaunal organisms to colonize.
The epifaunal community associated with eelgrass beds in San Quintin Bay, Baja California, Mexico, was studied from April to November 1993.