larvae appear to be more abundant in protected coastal waters, as indicated by their higher dominance in the surveys of Mobile Bay (82%) and Mississippi Sound (69%), both of which are shallow estuarine regions.
3[per thousand] salinity This small goby co-occurs with estuarine fishes such as small polynemids, juvenile sciaenids, engraulids
and cynoglossids in this soft-substrate habitat (Larson 1999).
At the mouth of Bahia Magdalena, larval engraulids
and clupeids are present in association with lower temperatures and zooplankton biomasses.
3%) and based on scale identification the major fish prey were atherinids and engraulids
, most likely Menidia sp.
Dalzell (1987) reported a peaking in spawning intensity of two inlet engraulids
associated with the monsoon seasonality in New Ireland.
leucichthys feeds mainly on small fish (clupeids, engraulids
, juvenile cyprinids, atherinids, gobiids etc) (Podlesny 1947; Svetovidov 1984; Shariaty 2001).
Clupeids, scombrids and engraulids
can alternate between filter- and particulate-feeding modes, which may allow them to more effectively consume relatively small prey (~1 mm), such as fish eggs.