Empetrum


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Andromeda polifoiia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Calluna vulgaris + Empetrum nigrum + Ledum palustre + Vaccinium myrtillus + Vaccinium uliginosum + + Vaccinium vitis-ideae + Rhvnchospora alba Carex panacea Carex viridula Chenopodium spp.
Carex chordorrhiza, Carex aquitilis, and Tomentypnum nitens Heath complex Festuca altaica, Empetrum hermaphroditum, Loiseleuria procumbens, Dryas octopetala, Cassiope tetragona, Salix phlebophylla Snowbed complex Cassiope tetragona, Salix rotundifolia, Arnica frigida Mountain Meadow complex Carex biglowii, Cassiope tetragona, Salix chamissonis Aquatic vegetation Similar to fen but on lake-fringes complex Water Lakes, streams, and rivers Cloud Shadows Table 3.
The occupation of the Sujala site falls at the very beginning of the establishment of tree birch forest in the region, accompanied by a thickening field layer, where Empetrum was replaced by lycopods and ferns (Seppa 1996: 54-7).
Table 1 Berries and Other Plants Harvested by the Teetl'it Gwich'in Tetlit Gwich'in English Latin Natl'at Cranberry/Lingonberry Vaccinium viti-idaea Jak na Dwarf Blueberry/ Vaccinium caespitosum Bog Bilberry Vaccinium uliginosum Nakal Cloudberry Rubus chamaemorus Nichih Rosehips Rosa acicularis Ts'iivii ch'ok Juniper Berries Juniperus communis Deetree jak Black Currant Ribes hudsonianum Nee'uu Red Currant Ribes triste Shis jak Red Bearberry Arctostaphylos rubra Dineech'uh Crowberry Empetrum nigrum
In contrast to clusters 2 and 3, the coverage of shrubs (Betula humilis) was high in this cluster and dwarf shrubs (Andromeda polifolia, Empetrum nigrum) were present.
Some Ericaceae (Ericales; also including Empetrum and some epacrids) (Cronquist, 1981) and Sapotaceae (Steyn et al.