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An international ban on ivory trading agreed in 1990 led to a slump in prices, the closure of ivory markets in Europe and the US, and a heartening recovery of elephant populations from Kenya to South Africa.
Kampala, Shawwal 24, 1433, Sep 11, 2012, SPAPoachers are "decimating" Uganda's elephant population, fuelled by Asian demands for black market ivory, dpa cited the authorities as saying Tuesday.
The aim of Space for Giants is to preserve Kenya's last free-ranging elephant population - and the ecosystem they inhabit - in and around the Laikipia plateau.
India's wild elephant population is estimated at around 26,000 and their steady decline in numbers is causing concern to wildlife activists.
So Thailand's elephant population, which has numbered 100,000 in the last century, is now closer to 4,000, of which about 2,400 are domesticated.
Zimbabwe's elephant population is once again booming thanks to increased local efforts to combat poaching aided by a worldwide ban on ivory trading.
In their proposal to the forthcoming CITES conference, the Kenya-led group notes that ivory trade is the main cause of the decimation of the elephant population, which stood at three to five million in the 1930s and 1940s, but had dropped to around half a million by 2002.
The slaughter continued for another decade, with the low point probably coming at about 1988, when estimates placed Africa's elephant population at 600,000.
The conservation organization is trying to reduce human-elephant conflict around Riau's Tesso Nilo National Park, one of Sumatra's largest remaining forest tracts and home to an increasingly threatened Sumatran elephant population, by engaging local communities, local government and companies.
According to the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the African Elephant population has fallen from 1.
In a recent study, Samuel Wasser, director of the Center for Conservation Biology at the University of Washington, and his colleagues concluded that because customs agents typically detect only about 10 percent of all contraband, the real ivory toll may top 240 tons, representing 23,000 elephants or roughly 5 percent of Africa's total elephant population.
Between 1979 and 1989 the total elephant population in Africa was halved.
The authors find that, controlling for other factors, countries with property rights systems or community wildlife programs have more rapid elephant population growth rates than do those countries that do not, Political instability and the absence of representative governments significantly lower elephant growth rates.
By the late 1960s the elephant population in Kenya's Tsavo National Park had grown to an unsustainable level of 40,000.
As law enforcement efforts improve, the elephant population across much of the African continent has stabilized or increased, thus bringing with it inevitable conflicts as human encroachment continues to restrict the range of these large herbivores.