While this is the first study to examine the physiological tolerance of a nemertean egg predator
in the context of a hypothesized salinity refuge, our results do confirm what little is known about salinity tolerance in other nemertean egg predators
We note that at least some of the crab species that host these nemertean egg predators
are also year-round breeders (27).
During the breeding season, nest sites become centers of activity, with a myriad of egg predators
waiting for the opportunity for a high energy meal and conspecific females competing with the primary female to breed in the nest site.
The members of this subfamily are mainly egg predators
but may also act as scale parasitoids.
However, this could easily become a case of the hunter becoming the hunted as imberi are notorious egg predators
which rob the nests of larger fish and it is doubtful that bass nests would escape their attentions.
Identity and relative importance of egg predators
of rice leaf folders (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).
It is possible that sponges, with their spicule-rich skeletons and potent chemical defenses, may deter snails or other egg predators
Litter on the beach can entangle turtles and attract turtle egg predators
, and plastic bags or other trash in the water often appear to sea turtles as food, resulting in great harm to their digestive tracts.
Another factor is that they don't often come into conflict with game- rearing enterprises - they're not great egg predators
on the scale of the peregrine falcon,for instance.
In this study only egg predators
were quantitatively assessed, although hatchlings en route to the ocean were also consumed by predators, such as raccoons, ghost crabs, and night herons, Nyctanassa violacea and Nycticorax nycticorax.