The correspondence includes letters to and from Edgard Varese
, Aaron Copland, Igor Stravinsky, Pierre Boulez, and many other well-known musical figures.
In 1932 the great composer Edgard Varese
stated, " We need new instruments very badly.
Here puppets portray Huyghe and the architect Le Corbusier, among others, in a real-life drama with background music by Edgard Varese
and Iannis Xenakis.
Zorn found himself inspired by such avant garde composers as Charles Ives, Edgard Varese
, John Cage, Elliott Carter, Harry Partch, Alban Berg, Igor Stravinsky, Pierre Boulez, Mauricio Kagel and Carl Stalling.
Jolivet was a member of the French avant-garde composer group known as "La jeune France" (which included Massiaen), and was influenced musically by Schonberg, Stravinsky, and especially by his teacher, Edgard Varese
The many-headed hydra of Zappa's music gobbles up elements as diverse as doo-wop, blues, electronic collage and free jazz, inspired by artists like Eric Dolphy, Sun Ra, Edgard Varese
, John Cage and Charles Ives.
His score--an assemblage of Aaron Copland, George Gershwin, Philip Glass, Charles Ives, Edgard Varese
, and John Zorn, as well as songs recorded by Whitney Houston--shows him at his most eclectic and inventive.
But when he discovered an Edgard Varese
recording, that set him off on a lifelong course of experimental composition.
The moving-image element, clocking in at exactly sixty seconds, consists of brilliant post card views of a rocky, tundra-coated Norwegian hillside and is set to music by French composer Edgard Varese
that feels like a sci-fi movie score (in the movie's final frames, stems and flowers push their way through the ground at time-lapse speed).
MRI, set to music of Edgard Varese
, is performed on high bars and cargo nets suspended eight feet above the stage.
Indeed, the only unifying element in this disparate collection--which includes musique concrete by Pierre Schaeffer, Nam June Paik, and John Cage; electronic music by Henri Pousseur, Edgard Varese
, lannis Xenakis, and Pauline Oliveros; and experiments by rock bands like Einsturzende Neubauten--may be the alteration of sounds after their initial generation.
The following chapter, "The Community of the Ultramoderns," returns to the mavericks, profiling Edgard Varese
, Carl Ruggles, Charles Seeger, and Henry Cowell briefly, but its real focus is on the development of self-organizing societies of musicians.