The Nazis followed the blueprint drafted for them by Eddic
mythology to the hilt, replete with the Grand Finale of the Twilight of the Gods (Gotterdammerung).
This is a story more Eddic
than epic in its contours and its emphases, and I return to it now to suggest how it inscribes onto the body of the beast the poem's understanding of the allegorical in literary narrative.
The story of The Hobbit was written, Tolkien said, "out of the leaf-mould of the mind" (Carpenter 178)--incorporating bits of such medieval works as Beowulf and the Eddic
materials alongside references to contemporary works and even aspects of Tolkien's own biography--and the same might well have been true of the famous word itself, which he might have stumbled upon at some forgotten point: "one cannot exclude the possibility," he goes on to say to Green, "that buried childhood memories might suddenly rise to the surface long after.
Through these words, we begin to see that Eddic
Fulk, "An Eddic
Analogue to the Scyld Scefing Story," RES 40 (1989): 313-22.
Brunhild or Brunhild or Brynhild also called Brunhilda or BrunhildeA beautiful Amazonlike princess in ancient Germanic heroic literature, known from Old Norse sources (the Eddic
poems and the Volsunga saga) and from the Nibelungenlied in German.
Among the perspectives are the talent of the distributed author, authorship and inspiration in Late Medieval Central European commentaries on the Book of Psalms, a quest for the author in the universe of Orlando Furioso, the Old Norse eddic
author's distributed creativity in The Lay of Thrymr and Skirnir's Journey, and the medieval artist and the conditions of authorship.
They represent the diverse areas in which he has worked: Sagas of Icelanders to kings' sagas, eddic
poetry to reception studies, and, in the longest single contribution to the volume, the 78-page 'The Riddles of the Rok Stone: A Structural Approach' (1977), runology.
Shippey points out that the "riddling talk" recalls the Eddic
poem Fafnismal, where Sigurd "will not give his name, but replies riddlingly, calling himself both motherless and fatherless" (36).
Now that the 'bubble of romantic nationalism has burst', suggests Margaret Clunies Ross in her introduction, the literature can be recontextualized in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the period when much of it was written down, rather than as artefacts of the tenth and eleventh centuries, when the best-known sagas of the Icelanders are set and when much of the poetry, both Eddic
and skaldic, was composed.
In her commentary on the impact of "The Ritual Marriage" and "The Fertility Drama" upon plots of the Eddic
dramas, she establishes the following general outline as a summary of archaic Scandinavian ritual dramas: "(i) A slaying by the bridegroom.
Unlike the Nibelungenlied, which stands on the threshold of romance, the austere Eddic
poems dwell on cruel and violent deeds with a grim stoicism that is unrelieved by any civilizing influences.