1 is devoted to contextualizing Irenaeus's understanding of sonship and filial adoption in order to clarify the use of contemporary concepts against the Ebionites
67) Bonaventure accused the early leaders of the Church, including Peter, of falling into the sin of legalism, which also spawned the first heresy of the Ebionites
, who taught the Law was to be observed along with the Gospels.
I have usually assumed, for example, that one could trace a line from the early Jerusalem believers, through Paul's opponents in Galatia, to later Jewish Christianity as exemplified in the Ebionites
Matthew 19:24) Eusebius, a fourth century Christian historian, refers to an early Jewish-Christian sect known as the Ebionites
(literally, the poor ones in Hebrew), so-named because of their state of voluntary poverty.
7] Some at least of the Ebionites
, a group of Jewish Christians influential in the early Palestinian church in the first and second centuries, thought that Matthew had misread Isaiah 7:14 (see below), and that Jesus was conceived naturally.
Ritschl's formulations reflecting the proportions of Jewish to Christian constituents in whatever mixture is labeled Jewish Christian survive in Hans Joachim Schoeps's descriptions of a group's or text's location within a spectrum ranging from "Great Church" Jewish Christians who accepted Paul to the Ebionites
with their low Christology and demand for proselytization.
24) The Ebionites
, according to Irenaeus, read only the Gospel of Matthew.
Miller offers new translations of the four New Testament gospels; the Gospels of Thomas, Judas, and Mary; the Q Gospel; the Mystical Gospel of Mark; the Infancy Gospels of James and Thomas; the Egerton Gospel; the Gospel Oxrhynchus; the Gospels of the Hebrews, the Ebionites
, and the Nazoreans.
as Gentile Christianity gradually separated from Judaism, the early Church fathers had encountered and condemned various groups of Jewish talmidey Yeshu'a (disciples of Jesus such as Ebionites
and Nazarenes) and of alleged Gentile Judaisers.
The denials of the divinity of Christ by nineteenth-century critics like Strauss and Renan, which is Browning's context for this poem, were long preceded by the first- and second-century teachings of Cerinthus and the Ebionites
about the "double nature" of Jesus.
This "Gospel according to the Hebrews" (or simply "the Hebrew Gospel") is not to be confused with canonical Matthew (which, in Edwards' estimation, was the last of the three Synoptics to be written), but it is to be identified with the pseudepigraphal gospels of the Nazaraeans and the Ebionites