Their leader, Alavivus, petitioned the Eastern Roman
emperor, Valens, for permission to cross the river and settle in Thrace, promising to be faithful subjects.
Colonnaded streets were a dominant feature in eastern Roman
In the Western historical imagination, the Eastern Roman
Empire, which ruled from Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) from AD 330 until 1453, has received mostly disdain and neglect.
In its long history, Istanbul has served as the capital city of many civilizations such as the Roman Empire, Eastern Roman
(Byzantine) Empire, Latin Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
He thus offers this book as a corrective, reviewing the archaeological evidence on the lived experiences of Christianity within the Eastern Roman
Empire, Greece and the Balkans, North Africa, and Italy and Northwest Europe.
One of the two churches discovered at Perperikon is the oldest in the region, dated back to 4th and 5th centuries, the rules of Emperor Arcadius (395-408 AD) in the Eastern Roman
Empire, and Emperor Honorius (395-423 AD) in the Western Roman Empire, after the division of the Roman Empire in 395 AD.
The Christian emperor of the Eastern Roman
Empire, Justinian, was the first one who removed marble parts from the Parthenon in the 6th century AD, which he used in the building of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
The remainders of walls and paving that cling obstinately to whatever hold it can retain amid the grass and sand of the hills--and whatever of its place it has held on to in spite of the shovels and tractors that have cleared the way for crops--show what there is to see now of the great road, the Via Diagonalis, that in Roman times connected Rome to the capital city of the Eastern Roman
On the other hand, the Byzantine Christians residing in the Eastern Roman
empire found the idea very unsettling as their gods have long before Christianity been pagan, a mindset that eventually lead to the creation of separate Nestorian sects that couldn't believe that Jesus was God.
Moreover, the Treaty of Omar unequivocally decreed that the possessions and personal belongings of the Christians, whether they chose to remain under the tutelage of Islam or to depart to the Eastern Roman
Empire, were to be protected and respected.
Archaeologists have discovered two gold coins in the Sinai peninsula dating to the era of Eastern Roman
Emperor Valens that are the first of their kind to be found in Egypt.
Timothy Dawson's BYZANTINE INFANTRYMAN: EASTERN ROMAN
The story is told in the words of scribe Priscus of Panium, who also chronicles the internal problems befalling both the Western and Eastern Roman
He begins with ancient Egypt and moves chronologically as well as geographically on to Greece, Rome, the rise of Mohammed and his peace-loving warriors, the conflict with the Eastern Roman
Empire, and then on to the Middle Ages, the tragic fall of Constantinople, the role of Malta, Cyprus, and Crete, the Victory of Lepanto, the siege of Gibraltar, Napoleon's adventures, Egypt after Napoleon, the struggle for Greek independence, Italian unification, the Great War and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.
They were so immense they made the capital of the Eastern Roman
, or Byzantine Empire as it is often called, impregnable for 1,123 years until the Ottoman Turks finally took the city in 1453 - thanks to the use of a giant canon built by an Hungarian engineer.