According to Betancourt, the fort of Aphrodite's Kephali would have been related to the inland expansion of the colonists during the Early Minoan
LA, helping to "establish a secure and defensible base for the immediate territory" (p.
Excavations 1957-1961 Early Minoan
(BSA supplementary volume 46): 67-69.
The authors make the important point that the appropriate biomarkers co-occurred with potsherds as inclusions within the buried soils under investigation and the stratigraphic context of the samples take the inferred date of manuring back to Early Minoan
times (4500-3500 BP).
The cemetery was in use from the Early Minoan
era, and much of the volume contains detailed reports on the human remains and use of the cemetery.
Exotica and the early Minoan
elite: eastern imports in Prepalatial Crete.