19 Her letters offer Minke an insight into "the views of Europeans"20 and provide him with a link to a world beyond the Dutch Indies
The Chinese in the Dutch Indies took a great interest in the drawn-out conflict between Japan and China.
In 1931, Bintang Mataram and Kiao Seng reported extensively on Japanese atrocities in China, and since the Dutch Indies government remained neutral in the China--Japan conflict, it imposed controls over news reported in the press, to the extent that the Attorney General warned Kiao Seng against its inflammatory reporting, and seven years later, when bilateral strains between Japan and China increased, the government issued a similar warning to Soeara Mataram.
In Yogyakarta, Tjarda's announcement was followed by a speech by the local Governor Dr Lucien Adam, and a statement by Liem Ing Hwie on behalf of Siang Hwee affirming the local Chinese community's support for the Dutch Indies government.
Possibly the Japanese authorities got their names from antiChinese Indonesian nationalists or former members of the Dutch Indies secret police (PID).
In 1873, Buton was finally forced into an agreement that effectively made it a part of the Dutch Indies
A number of ethnic actors subsumed under this category were scattered across the Dutch Indies -- Chinese, Japanese, and foreign Muslims (Arabs and Turks) being among the most important.
Nederburgh writing in the journal Wet en Adat [Law and Custom], questioned the propriety of changing the classification: "As a rule, the most undeveloped and uncivilized components of Asians come to the Dutch Indies, a sort of folk with a dun Western varnish .
A second way in which the Dutch Indies state tried to deal with any potential threat from the indigenous population was through its law codes.
The rate of schooling was relatively high and many Minahasans enrolled in the Dutch colonial military service or took a job in the Dutch Indies
government or Dutch companies.
Since the book is about Japanese views of the Philippines, it is not surprising that the author does not discuss their views of Dutch Indies
, British Malaya and Borneo, and French Indochina.