threatens the effective treatment of a growing list of communicable diseases -- from bacterial infections to viral and fungal diseases.
For all of these reasons, ethicists, health-care researchers, and social scientists have begun to examine how best to ensure that strategies for tackling drug resistance
are ethically responsible.
Keywords: Multi Drug Resistance
, Retreatment Cases, Prevalence, ENRS, PMDT.
The World Health Organization outlines guidelines for surveillance of drug resistance
in tuberculosis, to help national tuberculosis control programs develop mechanisms of surveillance based on country-specific surveys of sample patients and systematic drug susceptibility testing.
According to Terry Hwa, a professor of physics and biology who headed the research, the interaction between drug and drug-resistance is complex because the degree of drug resistance
expressed in a bacterium depends on its state of growth, which in turn depends on the efficacy of drug, with the latter depending on the expression of drug resistance
This provides an important tool to protect the sustained effectiveness of available TB and HIV therapies; however, interpretation of drug resistance
reports is complex and expert guidance to clinicians may be required for optimal clinical management.
Levels of drug resistance
were reported at 8 to 14 percent in higher-income countries in the previous decade.
Addressing the Press on the sidelines of a workshop organised by the Supreme Council of Health (SCH), Director of Public Health at the SCH Dr Mohamed bin Hamad al Thani said the phenomenon of drug resistance
is becoming more severe and infections are no longer easily curable by the use of antimicrobial drugs.
Under the theme "Combat Drug Resistance
", the World Health Organization (WHO) has called for urgent and concerted action by governments, health professionals, industry and civil society and patients to slow down the spread of drug resistance
, limit its impact today and preserve medical advances for future generations.
Objectives: To estimate drug resistance
in TB patients and compare it with previous studies to see the changing trends.
XDR TB strains are created when multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) is inadequately treated, which enables amplification of second-line drug resistance
The Drug Resistance
Working Group convened by the Center for Global Development (CGD) outlined four recommendations for pharmaceutical companies and other important global health stakeholders to strengthen existing efforts and build collaborations to ensure that drugs continue to save lives in future generations: secure the drug supply chain to ensure quality products and practices; catalyse research and innovation to speed the development of resistance-fighting technologies; improve surveillance by collecting and sharing resistance information across networks of laboratories; and strengthen national drug regulatory authorities in developing countries.
This qualitative study examined the drug resistance
strategies of Hawaiian youth residing in rural communities in Hawai'i.
The second half focused on new developments and concepts in drug resistance
and the challenges that still lie ahead.
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has been recorded at the highest rates ever, according to a new World Health Organization (WHO) report that presents findings from the largest survey to date on the scale of drug resistance