Born to a Greek family in 1541 in the Venetian outpost of Crete, then known as Candia, and trained as an icon painter, Domenikos Theotokopoulos
moved in 1567 to Venice, where he became known as "a disciple of Titian" By the end of 1570, he was in Rome, where he spent the next five or six years, registering as a member of the artists' Guild of San Luca as "Domenico Greco"--not surprisingly, since anyone who has ever dealt with Italian officialdom can easily imagine a sixteenth-century Italian notaio throwing up his hands in despair at hearing a difficult foreign name.
Born in Crete in 1541, how was the artist Domenikos Theotokopoulos
more commonly known?
9) This article identifies and reviews the key debates: the striking discrepancies in style between his early and late works; his name in his own time (born Domenikos Theotokopoulos
, known generally in Italy and Spain as Dominico Greco, and called only after his death El Greco); his 'Greekness'; his 'Spanishness'; his 'Byzantinism'; his insanity; his astigmatism; his mysticism; and his modern image.
OTS: The Kunsthistorisches Museum is dedicating its major Special Summer Exhibition 2001 to the painter Domenikos Theotokopoulos
(1541-1614) better known as El Greco.
Born Domenikos Theotokopoulos
, the son of middle-class parents, in 1541 in Candia (now Heraklion), the principal city of Crete, which was then a Venetian possession, he received a solid education and was trained as an icon painter, working in the rich but conservative tradition of Byzantine art--a tradition that was, significantly, non-naturalistic and nonillusionistic.
Throughout his career, he always signed his works with his Greek name, Domenikos Theotokopoulos
This world-renowned museum features a retrospective of 80 works by the great 16th century painter Domenikos Theotokopoulos
, better known as El Greco.