The students report justified the racial disproportionality
of HISP saying: "The lower average IQs of blacks, Southeast Asians, and nonwhite Hispanics means that they are not as likely as non-Hispanic whites and Northeast Asians to be accepted into a more academically rigorous program such as HISP.
Most of the instruments for measurement of proportionality are conceived in the form of disproportionality
indices; their result therefore shows an (aggregated) deviation of the distribution of seats from the electoral support.
CONCLUSION: THE FUTURE OF DISPROPORTIONALITY
Fergus presents readers with a comprehensive examination of disproportionality
, as demonstrated by an in-depth look at various contemporary biases that disproportionately affect students of color by creating barriers to their success.
is defined as the over- or under-representation of a group along a particular data point relative to representation within the population (Bryan, Day-Vines, Griffin, & Moore-Thomas, 2012).
So the racial disproportionality
of death at the hands of police is consistent with racial disproportionality
of involvement in violent crime," he says.
Yet, in 2013, states identified fewer than 500 districts in total with significant disproportionality
I think the main problem here is disproportionality
between the popular vote and the number of the parliamentarians.
Urban League officials reminded lawmakers of the disproportionate incarceration of blacks in Oregon's justice system, and noted that using criminal backgrounds as a screening tool perpetuates that disproportionality
First, the Court held that the three constitutional norms against overbreadth, arbitrariness, and gross disproportionality
are distinct from each other rather than aspects of a single norm against overbreadth.
The Israelis talk about the "war" as though it were a military conflict between two roughly equal sides, but the disproportionality
of the conflict can be seen from these (UN) figures:
There are several ways that such disproportionality
or overrepresentation may be labeled.
Are all section 7 issues decided before the doctrines of arbitrariness, overbreadth, and gross disproportionality
were developed now open for challenge?
Although this retrospective disproportionality
analysis of information in a public database could not prove causality, "the associations were significant, the magnitude of the effects was large, and the effects were seen for all six dopamine agonist drugs" available in the United States, reported Thomas J.
In both English and French, it details the procedural history; the submissions of the parties; the factual background; the subject matter of the dispute; the jurisdiction; the applicable law; judgments on the territorial sea and its delimitation, the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf within 200 nautical miles, and the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles; the disproportionality
test; the delimitation line; and operative clauses.