Instead, I concentrate on the semantics of diminutives and offer a new approach to examining diminutive meaning.
meaning which diminutives can also express optional?
Semantic analyses of diminutives usually take as their starting point the meaning of 'small', or 'small in size' (see Jurafsky 1996, Taylor 2003).
By adopting the theoretical and methodological framework of cognitive linguistics, Jurafsky describes the category of diminutives as a radial category (Lakoff 1987), a complex polysemous structure whose meanings are centered around the prototypical meaning 'small' (1) and motivated by cognitive mechanisms such as metaphor, inference and generalization (2).
the childlike gestures of all lovers), and the linguistic parallelism is clearly exemplified by Bulloch (1921/1970: 140-142), who quotes rhymes that express both smallness and endearment through the application of diminutives not only to the addressee, but also to other items that set the context.
On the other hand, diminutives may also occur in expressions of irony and even sarcasm.
Diminutives express concepts such as familiarity, small size, and disdain (see Zuluaga 1993 for a discussion of the semantics of diminutives).
For example, Jaeggli (1980) discusses diminutives in Uruguayan Spanish from a classical generative standpoint, while Crowhurst (1992) and Prieto (1992) argue that they are to be dealt with in terms of prosodic constraints.
morphological expressions of diminution or augmentation are not always discrete from those of endearment or contempt; that is, diminutives and augmentatives are frequently used as expressions of endearment or disdain (Stump 1993: 1; emphasis added).
To contravene this categorial specialization of evaluative affixes, comes Nicolova's claim (2013) that an important characteristics of diminutives in Bulgarian is that they violate Aronoffs (1976) Unitary Base Hypothesis, since they are formed from bases which belong to different part-of-speech categories and more than one affix can attach to the same base with slight or no changes in semantics.
Furthermore, I will discuss the assumption that augmentatives are less widespread than diminutives (cf.
Moreover, he identifies two perspectives of evaluative morphology: the objective/descriptive or quantitative perspective, represented by diminutives and augmentatives (i.
In previous studies of diminutives
and interjections, DIs have received little attention.
The markers which morphologically encode these distinctions are labelled diminutives
(= smaller size), augmentatives (= bigger size), appreciatives (= something is good), depreciatives (= something is bad).
The truth about diminutives
is not easily found, given the specific nature of this phenomenon.