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As for the morphological structure of such items, a range of possibilities appears to be viable: for instance, gabsie (= talkative person) joins a noun (gab) and a diminutive suffix with an epenthetic consonant, thus producing an almost iconic new item; grippie (= avaricious) exploits the same strategy, though the reduplication of
As a result, the recipient is addressed twice simultaneously: first with his/her own name--to which greater endearment may be attributed if a diminutive suffix is also used--and then with a general noun which highlights the place of the recipient in a certain social framework, i.
However, this extended use of the diminutive suffix does not apply as productively to non-nouns as it does to nouns, that is, there is clearly a violation of a (soft) constraint on the syntactic category of the base involved.
This German suffix (like the roughly homophonous English suffix spelled <-ie> or <-y>) is classified by some scholars as a diminutive suffix, and by others as a hypocoristic suffix.
The two explicit references are dieser kleine Scheifikonig ('this little shit-king'), in which shit surfaces as the left component of a compound with Konig ('king'), thus conveying the negative evaluation and anger of the speaker, and dieser kleine mochtegern King ('this little would-be King'), in which the meaning of the diminutive suffix is interpreted as 'not quite as' (cf.
Under these conditions, the AML algorithm assigned the wrong diminutive suffix to only 198 items, resulting in a success rate of 92%.
The doublets demonstrated this, in that errors on one member of the doublet almost always entailed assigning it the diminutive suffix of the other member.
The most productive diminutive suffix is -[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [-c(a)[k.
A comparison between the skeleton of -ia and the skeleton of the diminutive suffix -eli in (19) reveals that there is a major difference between the two affixes; the former can be assigned a category, whereas the latter has no categorial features.
It follows from the present analysis that -ia should be accounted for by subordination of functions with indexation of arguments, whereas, as I have already shown, co-indexation is not relevant to the affixation of a diminutive suffix such as -eli.
They argue that although the English diminutive suffix -y/-ie has a child-centred focus in most contexts of use (e.
Evaluative markers independent of gender have been found to coexist with gender shift: in Nama, for example, there exists a diminutive suffix, -ro which works independently of gender shift.
scarpina 'small shoe' (from scarpa 'shoe' + the diminutive suffix -ina) and MGr karekl-aci 'small chair' (from karekla 'chair' + the diminutive suffix -aci) to be included in the field of evaluation, since a base form expressing the standard meaning and a morphological item that expresses an evaluative value are both clearly recognisable.
By contrast, the homophonous diminutive suffix -olo, produces such regular formations as -riv-ol-etto 'brook-DEVIi-DIM^' and figli-ol-etto 'son-DEVIiDEVI2'.
In answering these questions, issues are addressed which are discussed in the literature on -let in English, which is surveyed in the next section to outline what we know and what we do not know about this diminutive suffix.